Poli Sci Feb 5 - Lecture 2/5 Five Key Problems Facing the...

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Lecture 2/5 Five Key Problems Facing the Framers -Resolve basic elite divisions Big states vs small states How do we determine representation in this new government? If based on population, large states would have an advantage in power. If made equal, populations in large states would go unrepresented. Solution: The Great Compromise (Article 1): In the House of Representatives, population will determine representation. In the Senate, all states will be equal. Slave states vs free states Will slaves count as part of the population? The south supported this idea while the north rejected it. Solution: Three-fifths Compromise (Article 1): Each slave counts as three fifths of a person. The three fifths was chosen because it created a good balance of power between north and south. -Protect commerce and property National control of commerce and finance (Article 1) Tariffs, patents, copyright, currency, and inter-state commerce would be regulated by national government Supremacy of national laws and treaties (Article 6) National law supersedes state law. States to be nondiscriminatory (Article 4) States must honor the official actions of other states. Congress can make exceptions to this rule
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Poli Sci Feb 5 - Lecture 2/5 Five Key Problems Facing the...

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