Why Trafficking Exists:Human trafficking is a market-driven criminal industry that is based on the principles of supply and demand, like drugs or arms trafficking. Many factors make children and adults vulnerable to human trafficking. However, human trafficking does not exist solely because many people are vulnerable to exploitation. Instead, human trafficking is fueledby a demand for cheap labor, services and for commercial sex. Human traffickers are those who employ force, fraud, or coercion to victimize others in their desire to profit from the existing demand. To ultimately solve the problem of human trafficking, it is essential to address these demand-driven factors, as well as to alter the overall market incentives of high-profit and low-risk that traffickers currently exploit.Labor trafficking and sex trafficking of U.S. citizens and foreign nationals persist and thrive for a number of reasons, including:Low Risk: Human traffickers perceive there to be little risk or deterrence to affect their criminal operations. While investigations, prosecutions and penalties have increased throughout recent years, many traffickers still believe the high profit margin to be worth the risk of detection. Factors that add to low risk include: lack of government and law enforcement training, low community awareness, ineffective or unused laws, lack of law enforcement investigation, scarce resources for victim recovery services, and social blaming of victims.High Profits: When individuals are willing to buy commercial sex, they create a market and make it profitable for traffickers to sexually exploit children and adults. When consumers are willing to buy goods and services from industries that rely on forced labor, they create a profit incentive for labor traffickers to maximize revenue with minimal production costs.Left unchecked, human trafficking will continue to flourish in environments where traffickers can reap substantial monetary gains with relatively low risk of getting caught or lost profits.Ward, B. (2018). Guidance on spotting possible victims of human trafficking. Healthcare Leadership Review, 37(10), 9–11. Retrieved from ?direct=true&db=ccm&AN=132340994&site=eds-live&scope=siteBohnert, C. A., Calhoun, A. W., & Mittel, O. F. (2017). Taking Up the Mantle of Human Trafficking Education: Who Should Be Responsible? AMA Journal Of Ethics, 19(1), 35–42. -org.wgu.idm.oclc.org/10.1001/journalofethics.2017.19.1.ecas4-1701Bloem, C., Morris, R. E., & Chisolm-Straker, M. (2017). Human Trafficking in Areas of Conflict: Health CareProfessionals’ Duty to Act. AMA Journal Of Ethics, 19(1), 72–79. -org.wgu.idm.oclc.org/10.1001/journalofethics.2017.19.1.msoc1-1701Donahue, S., Schwien, M., & LaVallee, D. (2019). Educating Emergency Department Staff on the Identification and Treatment of Human Trafficking Victims. JEN: Journal of Emergency Nursing, 45(1), 16–23.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read both pages?
- Winter '18
- AMA Journal of Ethics, Treatment of Human Trafficking Victims, Mantle of Human Trafficking