Poli Sci Jan 31 - Lecture 1/31 Challenges to the liberal...

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Lecture 1/31 Challenges to the liberal consensus -Anti liberalism Some people think/thought that society is a hierarchy and that people are not actually equal and therefore do not deserve some rights. Slavery, women, native Americans, etc. - Multiculturalism The idea that rather than focusing on the individual, we need to focus on distinct groups and their heritage. There is a fear that if we push multiculturalism too much, there will be no dominant culture in America. Some (Samual Huntington, notably) think that dominant culture is what holds the nation together. On the other hand, when you have a dominant culture there tend to be some people advantaged by it, like in the example above. - Libertarianism Libertarians think that very few, if any, federal government limitations on individuals are valid. Example: welfare programs: libertarians would say that if you want to help people, do it privately. Do not tax the population as a whole to help the less fortunate. -Classical Republicanism / Communitarianism The idea is that instead of focusing on the individual, we should focus on the community, society as a whole. Good politics is not about achieving self interest. As a citizen, your interest
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Poli Sci Jan 31 - Lecture 1/31 Challenges to the liberal...

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