Neanderthalnotes

Neanderthalnotes - Anth 143: Neanderthals Outline • Range...

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Unformatted text preview: Anth 143: Neanderthals Outline • Range • Subsistence • Morphology & cold adadaptations • Social organization & technology • Culture & caregiving • Burial (shanindar cave, Iraq) • Speech • Ritual • Fate • Muddle of Middle Pleistocene Range • SW France, 35,000 ya o Home to 3000 Neanderthals (peak pop. ~100,000) • 130,000-30,000 ya o Range: Europe-->Western Asia Cold Adaptations • Lived in limestone caves • Wore processed animal skin • Lived in small clans (8-25) • Territorial • Needed ~4,000 calories per day • Meat valued, 85% of diet • Ate bison, deer, rabbits, aurochs • Used spear from close-range only (not throwing from a distance) • Prey to leopards, wolves • Lived rough short lives • Nearly half of Neanderthal record, consists of kids under age 11 • 4 of 5 didn’t live to see 40 • Aug. 1865 – Neander Valley (thal) – germany, lime diggers, find skull cap & other fossils • Old man of La Chapelle – found skull of old man • Milford Wolpoff – said ^ if cleaned up could pass as human on subway...
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course ANTH 143 taught by Professor Lu during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Neanderthalnotes - Anth 143: Neanderthals Outline • Range...

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