HDFS Exam 2 Notes - HDFS Exam 2 Notes Trust vs. Mistrust...

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HDFS Exam 2 Notes Trust vs. Mistrust For infants trust is a state of feeling confident that they are valued and their needs will be met. (Trust gives us a sense of optimism when we have to take a risk Trust is fostered in infancy and established by 18 months of age through mother-infant interactions (Moro reflex; very aware of the environment) Biologically : we are programmed to be wary of harsh stimuli Socially : we are or we are not protected from harsh stimuli Psychologically : we learn that the world is safe or not safe (becomes an aspect of personality) The ability of a caregiver (mother to soothe the infant is central to developing trust and attachment to the caregiver (infants distress exceeds their capacity to soothe oneself) Two components found in infant-mother interactions that foster trust 1. Matching : presence of same or similar behaviors o Match what the baby does baby smiles, so mother smiles back; baby pouts, so mother pouts back o Studies done if mother doesn’t match, baby gets distressed 2. Synchrony : movement from one emotional state to another in fluid pattern o Smiling and mother smiles back, and baby gets distressed so has to look away, mother breaks gaze as well. o Both brings gaze back when baby ready o Satisfaction on baby’s part ***As time goes by, mother and baby learn to regulate the amount of time that passes between the expression of a need and satisfying the need o You should NOT let the baby cry it out; not the best way to regulate the baby to wait it out. - **** when mothers responded quickly, and consistently to their babies cries, by the end of the first year those babies cried less and that crying was less distressed than the mother who let their babies cry it out – those babies cried frequently and with distress - Learns trust and to wait Attachment Attachment : the strong emotional bond that children form with their mothers. It is an intense emotional relationship emerges over time (emotion that infant has) - Around 7, 8, or 9 months of age in normal developing infants we see - Separation Anxiety : (normal/expected/healthy) and last only around 18 months (1 ½ years) o Marker for attachment, says baby is doing well Two factors that babies (both human and animals) need for survival: 1. Protection (drive to be protected/taken care of)
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2. Exploration (drive to explore) Secure base : to resolve two conflicting factors, use mother because she is a secure base for which to explore We can only separate if we have secure attachment Attachment Theory States that: 1. Quality of infant attachment will be determined by quality of early care giving 2. Quality of early attachment will affect child’s later relationships **Steps involved in measuring attachment under Strange Situation 1. Baby exhibits protection and exploration 2. Stranger enters, talks to mom and baby reacts to unfamiliar adult 3. Mother leaves the room and stranger tries to mildly comfort baby – want baby to show separation anxiety (expect healthy baby to be upset)
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HD FS 129 taught by Professor Mcaninch,susan during the Spring '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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HDFS Exam 2 Notes - HDFS Exam 2 Notes Trust vs. Mistrust...

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