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HD FS129 Notes for Exam 3

HD FS129 Notes for Exam 3 - HD FS129 Notes for Exam#3...

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HD FS129 Notes for Exam #3 Identity (Identity vs. Role Confusion) Identity : a persistent sameness within one’s self and a sharing of one’s essential character with others You need to say what you mean, and mean what you say for your own mental health. Strong sense of self as unique and strong coherent sense of self. Identity Issues Vocational Issues Political Ideology Spiritual Ideology Self in relation to others Sexual Identity Ethnic Identity Interests Body Image Use family as secure base – important to feel connected to family and yet separating to explore. Connectedness : sharing an intimate bond with others and respecting others’ views that are different from your own. Typically fight about mundane things such as curfews with families Need to be able to separate Being Separate : sensing one’s own uniqueness and asserting one’s self The process of identity formation includes: Crisis : a period of role experimentation and active decision making among alternative choices Commitment : making a choice among alternatives * Identity Statuses Identity Achievement : commitment made and crises experienced o The individual has resolved his/her identity crisis to particular goals and values Foreclosure : commitment made and no crises experienced
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o The individual seems to know who s/he is but they have latched on to an identity prematurely without exploration (pretty rigid in thinking, not very flexible or open) Moratorium : no commitment made and crises experienced o The individual is actively raising questions and seeking answers. Enduring commitments have not been made (actively searching, will come to achievement) Diffusion : no commitment made and no crises experienced o Person has not yet thought about or resolved identity issues and has failed to chart directions in life * Research Results : Identity Achievement : more flexible in thinking and more capable of sustaining intimate relations. Moratorium : Ambivalent in relationship with parents. Seen as intense by others. o Kind of like a love/hate relationship; confused, maybe a lot of conflict, intense people with strong emotions. Foreclosure : enmeshed with family, rigid thinking. Diffusion : Alienated from parents. Less capable of intimacy. Intimacy A strong, positive correlation exists between our ability to be intimate as adults and our attachment in infancy (especially noticeable in intimate romantic relationships). Based on Phil Shaver (University of California at Davis) : [based mostly on young adults] 55% of adults are securely attached – can easily feel close to others and are comfortable depending on them. Expect partner to be available and attuned. 20% are insecurely anxious – not trusting, cling to partner, experience jealousy, and are overly dependent (corresponds with insecure ambivalent/resistant).
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