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Running head: PREVENTING HEALTHCARE-ASSOCIATED INFECITONS IN HEMODIALYSISPreventing Healthcare-Associated Infections in HemodialysisJessie WhartonGrand Canyon University: NRS-490April 7, 2019
PREVENTING HEALTHCARE-ASSOCIATED INFECTIONS IN HEMODIALYSIS Preventing Healthcare-Associated Infections in HemodialysisIntroductionHealthcare-Associated Infections, or HAIs, are infections that patients get while receivingmedical treatment (“Healthcare-Associated Infections”, n.d.). HAIs can occur in any kind of healthcare setting, including dialysis centers, but most of these infections are preventable with proper infection control. The focus of this paper is to learn how HAIs are spread, the impact they have on patient outcomes and medical professionals, the significance to nursing, and how they can be prevented. According to Healthy People 2020, HAIs have been linked to causing increased morbidity and mortality in the United States and are also a reason for substantial increases in healthcare year by year (“Healthcare-Associated Infections”, n.d.).Patients with end stage renal disease are living with a largely compromised immune system and are frequently exposed to a higher risk of getting an infection, especially during their life-sustaining hemodialysis treatments multiple times each week. Healthcare-associated infections are infections that patients get while receiving medical treatment (“Healthcare-Associated Infections”, n.d.”), but most of these infections are preventable with proper infection control. Infection is the number one cause of hospitalizations for dialysis patients and the secondleading cause of death (Karkar, 2018). Hand hygiene is still singled out asthe most important and effective intervention to prevent the spread of infections, but contaminated healthcare worker hands are associated with the primary mode of transmission of healthcare-associated infections (Karkar, 2018). This tells us that healthcare professionals, or a portion of them, are not utilizing proper hand hygiene. The research being conducted will with confidence to find out if preventing HAIs in hemodialysis
PREVENTING HEALTHCARE-ASSOCIATED INFECTIONS IN HEMODIALYSIS