REVIEWER BOT.docx - GENERAL AND BASAL EUDICOTS RANUNCULALES AND PROTEALES RANUNCULALES Family Berberidaceae Papaveraceae Common Name Barberry Poppy

REVIEWER BOT.docx - GENERAL AND BASAL EUDICOTS RANUNCULALES...

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GENERAL AND BASAL EUDICOTS: RANUNCULALES AND PROTEALES RANUNCULALES Family Common Name Economically important plants Distinct Characteristics Berberidaceae Barberry Berberis and Mahonia Podophyllum (testicular cancer) Berberisvulgaris (common barberry) -Multiseriate perianth -Outer sepaloid -Inner Petaloid -Biseriate androecium -Unicarpellate pistil Papaveraceae Poppy Papaver somniferum (opium) Sanguinaria canadensis (blood root) Eschscholtzia -Triseriate perianth -Biseriate corolla -Numerous stamens -Parietal placentation -Loculicidal or poricidal fruit Ranunculaceae Buttercup (little frog) Nigella sativa (spice in pickles) Acotinumheterophyllum (aconitin) A. napellus (aconitin) Anemone pulsatilla (menstrual dis) Thalictrum, Clematis -Spirally arranged flowers -Numerous stamens -Apocarpousgyno Menispermaceae Moonseed Chondrodendrontomentosum (curare) PROTEALES Nelumbonaceae Water lotus Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo lutea -Aquatic herbs -Atactostelic stems -Concave-peltate leaves -Apocarpous -Pistil in expanded receptacle -Aggregate of nuts in an accrescent recep Platanaceae Plane tree or Sycamore Platanus -Monoecious trees -Encircling stipules -Infrapetiolar buds -Palmately lobed and veined leaves -Multiple of achenes Family Common Name Economically important plants Distinct Characteristics Proteaceae Protea (Proteus, sea god) Banksia, Grevillea, Protea -Uniseriate perianth -4 sepals and stamens -Antisepalousstam
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-Unicarpelous, superior ovary CORE EUDICOTS: CARYOPHYLLALES, SANTALALES, AND SAXIFRAGALES CARYOPHYLLALES (Campylotropous ovules, Perispermous seeds, Sieve tuve plastids with protein crystalloid surrounded by proteinaceous filaments) Aizoaceae Mesembry- anthemum Or Vygue (always alive) Tetragonia (New Zealand spinach) Sceletium -Opposite, succulent leaves -C4 or CAM photosynthesis -Uniseriate perianth -Outer petaloid staminodes -Betalains Amaranthaceae Amaranth (unfading, from the persistent bracts & perianth) Beta vulgaris (beet) Spinacea oleracea (spinach) Amaranthus Chenopodium Celosia argentea (cockscomb) -Anomalous secondary growth -Uniseriate perianth -1-loculed, 1-ovuled -Basal placentation -Seeds with curved embryo -Betalains Cactaceae Subfamilies: a. Pereskioideae broad vegetative leaves, no glochidia, exarillate seeds b. Opuntioideae cylindrical, caducous leaves, with glochidia, arillate seeds c. Cactoideae – with leaves, no glochidia, exarillate seeds Cactus (Gr. Spiny plant)
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  • Spring '17
  • Rey
  • Plants, Plant morphology, Flowering plant, Ovule, Asteraceae

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