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Music 005 Exam 4 Notes

Music 005 Exam 4 Notes - Music 005 Exam 4 Notes Commercial...

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Music 005 Exam 4 Notes Commercial Music in the U.S.A Stephen Foster (1826-1864) The leading American song composer of the 18th century Raised in Pittsburg Self-taught (as were so many romantics) Earned his living as a song writer Many of his songs were for minstrel shows  (racist shows)   Foster, "I Dream of Jeanie" (1854) (CD 4/7) Extremely simple, extremely catchy A parlor song Unsophisticated, or sophisticated but judicious? Compared to Schubert's "Heindenroslein" In the near-absence of non-chord tones, the few that are present have a  strong effect (of do they?) Authentic romanticism or Wal-Mart romanticism?     Scott Joplin (1867-1917) A "natural musician": a born improviser Born in Texas, worked in St.  Louis, then New York City Played in saloons, brothels, but was "cultivated musician" (in his words):  hoped to gain entrance to the concert hall and opera house Treemonisha  (opera) written in 1910 not staged until 1972 Pulitzer Prize in 1976 Maple Leaf Rag  (1899) sold millions of copies in sheet music   Joplin, "Maple Leaf Rag" (1899) (CD 4/8) Ragtime     : a musical style ca. 1900 Initially piano music, also found in songs and bands, etc. Steady eighth note accompaniment, syncopated melody The patterns of syncopation create cross rhythms, e.g., 12/16 vs. 2/4 Rhythmic idiom is African, but elements are European Harmony, phrase structure, accompaniment pattern     Meade "Lux" Lewis "Honky Tonk Train" (CD 4/9) The Boogie Woogie  style: similarity to ragtime
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Syncopated right hand, over steady left hand Craze in 1930s Emphasis on backbeat : on beats 2 and 4 Rhythmic sophistication: 2 against 3, 3 against 4 12-bar blues progression, repeated many times     The Origins of Country Music about misfortune   Patsy Montana, "I Want to Be a Cowboy's Sweetheart" (1935) (CD 4/10) Instrumentation: fiddle, guitar Yodeling Chromatically altered chords Bluegrass Bill Monroe and the Blue Grass Boys formed in 1939 Instrumentation: fiddle, guitar, mandolin, bass Country's answer to New Orleans jazz Regular performances on the Grand Ole Opry The radio as performing venue/advertising tool   Monroe & Flatts, "Why Did You Wander?" (CD 4/11) Bill Monroe and Lester Flatt Virtuosic instrumental playing Very fast tempo with long strings of fast notes
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