Psych 100 Exam 4 - Psych 100 Exam 4 Radical Behavior...

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Unformatted text preview: Psych 100 Exam 4 Radical Behavior Perspective (not in text) "You're a product of your environment" • Behaviorists turned away from the "internal" explanations (unconscious process, or conscious traits) Radical Behaviorism (Skinner) • There is no "personality." How we act is determined by our environment o We're just a collection of behavior patterns learned, maintained, and modified through reinforcement • E.g., o Child reinforced or punished for: • Being "class clown"; high achiever; "jock" etc… o Influenced the likelihood they'll display such behaviors as adults • Metaphor: rat in a Skinner box Cognitive Perspective "You are what you think." A-B-C Example A-activating event B-belief C-emotional consequence Attractive person smiles at you "Smiling at someone else" "Laughing at me" "What do I do?" nervous "I'm gonna get some!" excited "Damn, I look good!" "I got it going on!" confident happy Metaphor: Computer • Personality party stems from you beliefs/attitudes about yourself/world • Cognitions (thoughts/beliefs) influence everything else • Automatic thoughts: o Thoughts about the immediate situation we're in • Schema o More general, core beliefs you have about yourself, life and the world • Built up over lifetime Humanistic Perspective (Text: Mod 38 pg. 651-652 & 658) "You are trying your best to be all you can." Metaphor: Human • Actualizing tendency (Maslow & Carl Rogers) o All humans born with the motivation to reach full potential • Focus on healthy person, not what's "unhealthy" • Reaction against other approaches o Not deterministic (psychoanalytical and behaviorists believe in deterministic). You make conscious choices. You have free will . • Personality partly based on: o Self-concept • Thoughts/feelings/perceptions you have about yourself. Your self-image. • Does it match who you want to be? • Conditions of worth • Growing up you learn to expect love only when you meet demands or conditions of others • Healthier personalities result from unconditional positive regard o When you receive love/acceptance regardless of your behavior Assessing Personality Objective Tests • Questionnaires; paper and pencil tests o Usually involve a numerical rating scale o Scoring: scored objectively (independent of assessors judgments) Projective Tests (pg. 638-640) • Ambiguous that gets subject to reveal aspects of their personality o Scoring: interpreted by the administrator, requires their subjective judgment o Projection • People thought to reveal their true feelings and thoughts when describing ambiguous stimuli o Thematic Apperception : • Series of ambiguous pictures of objects/pictures • You tell story about each o Rorchach Test • 10 ink blots Section 16: Psychological Disorders Mod 40: Effects of "Labeling" Rosenhan Study (1973) • 8 "normal" people made appointments at several mental hospitals • Faked one symptom • Hear voices saying "empty," "hollow," and "thud" • Otherwise acted normal •...
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Matchock,robert during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Psych 100 Exam 4 - Psych 100 Exam 4 Radical Behavior...

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