■Text Important changes took place in the 20 years between the two world wars (1919-1939)Title
What was Europe like after World War I ?
■Text Important changes took place in the 20 years between the two world wars (1919-1939)In Europe, the war led to a sense of bitterness & pessimism among nations TitleMany European nations were destroyed & bankrupted by years of fighting along the Western FrontRussia was destroyed after WWI & a three-year civil war that led to communism & the formation of the Soviet UnionThe harshness of the Treaty of Versailles created bitterness in Germany who were unable to pay reparations Italians were angry when they did not receive land along the Adriatic Coast
The horrors of World War I changed people’s attitudes about progress After the war, people started questioning traditional beliefs What were some new ideas in the post-war era?
Austrian-born Sigmund Freud revolutionized psychology; He believed the mind has conscious & subconscious thoughts that affect peoples’ behavior
German-born Albert Einstein revolutionized physics; His theories on light, relativity, & energy disproved many of Isaac Newton’s discoveries from the 1600s
New abstract art like Pablo Picasso’s cubism (using geometric shapes) & Salvador Dali’s surrealism (dream-like art) reacted against tradition art forms
What was America like after World War I ?
While European nations struggled to rebuild & pay for the war, some world nations benefited from WWIJapan gained wealth by selling supplies to the Allies & increased its position as the strongest nation in Asia The USA was the wealthiest nation in the world & a major world power that created (but never joined) the League of Nations
After WWI, the United States entered the Roaring Twenties Mass production in factories led to new consumer goods & high wages for workers Automobiles became inexpensive & popular…
Electric appliances & radios were popular… …Americans enjoyed themselves at movies,