Common OB & Neonatal Medications (1).docx - Commonly \u2013 Used Medications in OB\/Newborn Medication Indication Intended Effect Dose\/Push Rate Side

Common OB & Neonatal Medications (1).docx - Commonly u2013...

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Commonly – Used Medications in OB/Newborn Medication Indication Intended Effect Dose/Push Rate Side Effects Adverse Effects Terbutaline Management of reversible airway disease due to asthma or COPD; inhalation and sub- cut used for short- term control and oral agent as long-term control. results in the accumulation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate Management of preterm labor (tocolytic) (the FDA has recommended that injectable terbutaline should not be used in pregnancy for the prevention or prolonged treatment [ 48 – 72 hr] of preterm labor in either the inpatient or outpatient settings because of the potential for serious maternal heart problems and death; PO Sub cu Hypertension; Hyperthyroidism ; Diabetes; Glaucoma nervousness restlessness ,tremor Pulmonary edema. headache, insomnia. hypertension Magnesium Sulfate Treatment/prevention of hypomagnesemia. Treatment of hypertension. Prevention of seizures associated with severe eclampsia, pre-eclampsia, or acute nephritis Preterm labor. Treatment of torsade de pointes. Adjunctive treatment for bronchodilation in moderate to severe acute asthma IM, IV (Adults): Severe deficiency— 8–12 g/day in divided doses; mild defi- ciency— 1gq6hrfor4 doses or 250 mg/kg over 4 hr Drowsiness, low respiratory rate. Bradycardia Hypotension, diarrhea, flushing, sweating, hypothermia Oxytocin Induction of labor at term Facilitation of threatened abortion Post- partum control of bleeding after expulsion of the placenta. IV (Adults): 0.5–1 milliunits/min; Q by 1–2 milliunits/min q 30–60 min until de- sired contraction pattern established; dose may be p after desired frequency of con-
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