Soc 100 Exam 3 Notes - Soc100: Exam 3 Notes Social...

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Soc100: Exam 3 Notes Social Stratification Definition: Structured inequality of entire categories of people who have different access to social rewards as a result of their position in the hierarchy (upper class get much better everything) Two Systems (ideal types - most perfect form) 1. Class/Open System o Move up and down 2. Caste/Closed System o Can't do anything, you're stuck o What level you're born at, race matters India: untouchables cannot movie up U.S. during segregation: hardest working blacks still could not do things Theories of Stratification Functionalist Kingsly Davis and Wilbert Moore 1. Different positions in society have differing degrees of functional importance o Some jobs more important than others Ex. Garbage man 2. Adequate performance requires different amounts of training 3. Personnel with adequate amounts of training are scarce 4. Societies become stratified Criticisms of Davis and Moore (Functionalists) 1. Some roles have little value but are highly rewarded 2. Some roles have a lot of value but are not highly rewarded 3. People get low rewards because of ascribed characteristics 4. People define functionally important in many different ways 5. Neglect the power element (declare own job functionally important) Conflict Perspective Marx 1. See stratification as unnecessary; cause of human injustice 2. Class conflicts between the exploiters and exploited 3. Social stratification is created and maintained by one group in order to enhance and protect economic interests (power) 4. Class conflict key to historical change Poverty Statistics 12.65 (37mil) of American households were in poverty in 2005
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Recent low - 11.3% in 2003 Currently, majority are children -- 17.6% Over 65, 10.1% in poverty 18-64, 11.1% in poverty Female-headed single parent families are the most like to be in poverty Poverty Measures 1. Absolute Measure: Anyone below a certain line is poor 2. Relative Measure: Anyone who has less than a designated group is poor o Ex. Less than half of the average income U.S. Measure Designed in 1963, based on economy food plan X3 Bases on poverty threshold for your income and family type Income includes: gross earnings, social security, public assistance, pension, child support, etc. for yourself and family members in your household Income does NOT include: non-cash transfers (ex. Food stamps) World Poverty Almost half of the world's 6.4 billion people are living in poverty Vast majority live in developing nations Extreme Poverty: living on less that $1 a day Moderate Poverty: living on less than $2 a day Inequality in the U.S. Can we think of an aspect of individual behavior or social life that is unaffected by social class? o
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course SOC 001 taught by Professor Sturm,robertarth during the Spring '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Soc 100 Exam 3 Notes - Soc100: Exam 3 Notes Social...

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