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Number-One MentalityEthnocentrism, also referred to in Language Shockby Agar (1994) as number-one mentality, is when someone considers their own perspective or culture to be the correct way of living. Rather than viewing themselves as equal to others, people with a number-one mentality believe that all other cultures are inferior (Agar, 1994). Often times, modern-day Americans are labeled as being extremely ethnocentric and closed minded when it comes to other cultures. In order to get a real, authentic view of a culture, ethnographers must learn to separate themselves from a situation and attempt to remove any cultural biases from their mind. Although this is easier said than done, when studying a culture, it is absolutely necessary to remember not to display any amount of number one-mentality. However, this concept has always been wildly prevalent throughout history, as demonstrated by the treatment of Natives in the Americas duringcolonization and Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945.