PSCI Exam 1 PDF.pdf - Wednesday Exam 1 Topic 1 American...

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Wednesday, August 29, 2018 Exam 1 Topic 1: American Political Culture A Key Point - Every nation has something that binds it together - Japanese society, for example, is one where people re related, speak a common language, and live in a relatively small space Who are Americans? - There were indigenous people on these lands when settlers came from other places - People came here for two main reasons: economic and religious - Today, Americans are diverse in every way: racially, ethnically, religiously, economically, and culturally What are those values? - Belief in freedom, liberty - Self-government - Individualism - Opportunities for all - Belief in Rule of Law The law is higher than individuals. Even the king or president comes under the law The law is stable and applies across the entire community World Justice Project Definition of Role of Law: No person is above the law. “We are a government of laws, not of men.”-John Adams - World Justice Project has proposed a working definition of the rule of law that comprises four principles: A system of self-government in which all persons, including the government, are accountable under the law A system based on fair, publicized, broadly understood and stable laws A fair, robust, and accessible legal process in which rights and responsibilities based in law are evenly enforced 1
Wednesday, August 29, 2018 Diverse, competent, and independent lawyers and judges What is Government? - “Government is the term used to describe the formal institutions through which a land and its people are ruled.” - Beginning in the 1600s in the West, the power of government began to limited and citizenry had some sort of voice Why Do We Have Government? - We set up government to do two things. Keep order and provide common goods. Everything in the world a government can do are under these two categories - Governments have legitimate powers which citizens respect (usually) - Through government, we create a social order that allows us to achieve many common goods Tyoes of Regimes - Authoritarian: absolute monarchies, theocracies, fascist governments, and oligarchies (rule by a few) - Non-authoritarian: constitutional governments, parliamentary systems, presidential systems Key Point - There is such a thing as American Political Culture Made up of widely shared beliefs, values, ideals, traditions, and norms. This culture defines the relationship between citizens and government, and citizens to one another Culture Across a Continuum - Even though we agree on basic values, we interpret them across a broad spectrum. This is the best thought of as a continuum - Within our society, most of us live under the same ideological umbrella. We agree on our political values 2
Wednesday, August 29, 2018 Liberals Believe That… - Government is a positive force to improve society - People are pretty good, and we should be optimistic about human nature - Progress is possible and problems can be alleviated - Individual rights are more important than property rights -

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