STID1103 Computer Applications in Management Topic 1 Today’s Technology, IT, ICT, & Computers Ref: - Discovering Computers 2016: Tools, Apps, Devices, and the Impact of Technology, Chapter 1 - Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World, Chapter 1
Learning Objectives • Discuss the latest digital technology • Explain the concepts of IT and ICT • Describe the evolution of Computer • Identify the benefits of Computing Technology After completing this topic you will be able to:-
Objectives Overview Explain why latest digital technology is vital to success in today’s world Define the term computer, and describe the relationship between data and information Describe the five components of a computer system Discuss the advantages and disadvantages that users experience when working with computers Describe the role of each element in a computer system Explain how home users, small office/home office users, mobile users, power users, and enterprise users each interact in today’s world Discuss how society uses latest digital technology in education, finance, government, health care, science, publishing, travel, and manufacturing Explain the concept of IT and ICT, and describe the relationship of both concepts
4 Today’s Technology • Because technology changes, you must keep up with the changes to remain digitally literate • Digital literacy involves having a current knowledge and understanding of computers, mobile devices, the web, and related technologies
5 Technology Uses Education Government Finance Retail Entertainment Health Care Science Travel Publishing Manufacturing
6 Technology Users Home User Small/Home Office User Mobile User Power User Enterprise User
What is IT? IT is concerned with technology to treat information. Technology = the making, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, procedures, systems or methods of organization in order to solve a problem or perform a specific function. Information = data that is organized and meaningful. Data = raw fact i.e. numbers, characters, unprocessed image.
What is IT? Information Technology The acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical information by a microelectronics-based combination of computing and telecommunications.
Information Technology Information Technology (IT) is "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of information systems". Information technology is a general term that describes any technology that helps to produce, manipulate, store, communicate, and/or disseminate information. The Definition:
What is ICT? Information Communications Technology (ICT) covers any product that will store, retrieve, manipulate, transmit or receive information electronically in a digital form. For example, personal computers, digital television, email, robots.
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