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Running head: ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY QUESTIONS 1 Abnormal Psychology Questions Student’s Name Institution Date
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ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY QUESTIONS 2 Q1. There are a number of research studies. They include cross-sectional, longitudinal and correlational research. While the cross-sectional method of analysis entails the study of different groups of people that have specific characteristics, longitudinal encompasses the study of the same sample of individuals over a given period. For instance, a researcher can examine a group of children after which they do a comparison of the outcome of that study with that of a corresponding information from a group of adults. On the part of longitudinal research method, there is collection of data periodically over the course of the research. Such models can span several decades before conclusion or even remain open-ended. On the other hand, correlational study's objective is an establishment of a measurable link with another. In this research model, one thing that stands out is the fact that it is non-experimental. Researchers only investigate the relationship therein two variables. In such cases, an analysis is done on the available data in coming up with statistical conclusion. For instance, in a correlational model of study may choose to investigate whether or not academic prowess at the level of elementary school is a guarantee for well-paying jobs in the future. Noteworthy is the fact that researchers in this case only collect and do an analysis on the available information without manipulating any variable in the study. Be that as it may, there is a common misconception that most newbie researchers subscribe to and that is the fact that there has to be two quantitative variables in a correlational research model. The truth, as already mentioned above, is that there is no tampering or influence done on the variables be they categorical or qualitative. It is important to take note of the fact that there is similarity of one element between cross-sectional and longitudinal study models. The shared aspect of the two methods is the fact that they are both observational. That means that researchers are not allowed to manipulate the variables with which they use to arrive at conclusions. Scholars have underscored the idea that the dynamics of research are supposed to inform the kind of design that is used. In other words, the direction taken by a study should influence determination of the most appropriate design. In that light, since cross-sectional studies can be undertaken faster than their longitudinal counterpart, they ae often used. However, based on the shallowness of a cross-sectional research (they do not investigate cause), researchers can then employ the use of longitudinal study model in finding out the missing causative aspects of a research outcome.
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