Unit 3 - October 29, 2007 The Diplomacy of World War II:...

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October 29, 2007 The Diplomacy of World War II: Big three: o U.S. led by Franklin Roosevelt: Hoped to see an undivided world come out of WWII. o Great Britain led by Churchill: The Soviet Union and Great Britain tried to use WWII to establish their own spheres of influence.  As a result, the U.S. finally forced the British to pull back but couldn’t convince the Soviet Union.  o Soviet Union led by Stalin 1941 and the U.S. Soviet Alliance: Historians agree that it was by accident that the U.S. and the Soviet Union were allies: o Brought together by the common bond of defeating the same enemy, Germany. 1941 – Hitler launched Operation Barbarossa, the codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union. It  was the largest invasion in written history. o Roosevelt offered massive economic assistance to Soviet Union because Hitler controlled most of Europe  and had he been able to knock out the Soviet Union, he would have controlled raw materials which would  have made his defeat almost impossible.  o Within weeks of this Soviet-United States alliance, it became clear that the Soviet Union didn’t have same  objectives as the United States. Instead, the Soviet Union wanted to divide Europe into a Russian owned  territory and British owned territory. Meeting of Big 3: o August, 1941 - Churchill and Roosevelt met aboard warships in Newfoundland to sign the Atlantic Charter  which stated the official war aims of the allies:    1. No territorial gains were to be sought by the United States or the United Kingdom.    2. Territorial adjustments must be in accord with wishes of the peoples concerned.    3. All peoples had a right to self-determination.    4. Trade barriers were to be lowered.    5. There was to be global economic cooperation and advancement of social welfare.    6. Freedom from want and fear;    7. Freedom of the seas;    8. Disarmament of aggressor nations, postwar common disarmament    9. Defeat of Germany and other Axis powers o The divide between the two sides was obvious: The United States aimed to find foreign markets that could take the surpluses the American  economy had following the Depression. Stalin, remembering the German invasion, wanted to create a border that would prevent Germany  from invading again.
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HIST 128 taught by Professor Nelson during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Unit 3 - October 29, 2007 The Diplomacy of World War II:...

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