Paper 1-Vietnam Views in America

Paper 1-Vietnam Views in America - Saving Face in Vietnam...

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Saving Face in Vietnam Parker R . Watson September 21 , 2007 History 140 007 Asiya Alam In writing this paper , I have abided by the Honor Code at UNC-Chapel Hill . Signature: _________________________________________
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Watson 2 Parker Watson Miles Fletcher HIST 140 007 September 21 , 2007 Saving Face in Vietnam The Vietnam War is one that caused much political unrest amongst not only the government officials of the time , but also of the civilian citizens on the United States of America . Also known as the Second Indochinese War , the Vietnam War began in 1959 and lasted until the last American troops were brought home from the foreign country on April 30 , 1975 . On this date , the capitol of South Vietnam , Saigon , fell to North Vietnam’s communist forces , reunifying the northern and southern territories of the country . Throughout the war , Americans were more opinionated and outspoken about the conflict than any previous confrontation . Citizens had greater access to uncensored information by way of extensive media , especially television , coverage . Never before had the country seen such graphic and realistic footage of a war broadcasted to the masses . People across the country , especially young adults and college students , became part of an unprecedented activism . This general knowledge and awareness of the war gave the American people a common consensus: the Vietnam War was not a war on a people; it was a war on an ideology . Similarly to the present war in Iraq that is the “War on Terrorism , ” the war in Vietnam was the “War on Communism . Though the reason for continuing to occupy Vietnam as the war progressed changed , the fact that the United
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Watson 3 States of America entered the war because government officials were afraid of the spread of communism remains . This ‘threat’ is commonly referred to as the Domino Effect . Many people believed that if South Vietnam were to fall to communist rule , other surrounding nations might also surrender to a less democratic government .
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