HDFS STUDY GUIDE 1

HDFS STUDY GUIDE 1 - HDFS STUDY GUIDE Theories: General...

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HDFS STUDY GUIDE Theories: General development: how do children, on average, change over time? Individual differences Holistic theories o Watson, Pavlov, and skinner Environment (nurture) Main mechanism affecting kids Reinforcement/punishment Increases likelihood of behavior Pos punishment=spanking, learning its ok to hit other people Neg punish=nagging Personality and beliefs Through reinforcement and punishment, a child personality is shaped o Social Learning Theory o Bandura o Bobo doll experiment o People learn through other people being reinforced and punished o Observational learning Group 1 observed adult hitting doll-no punishment 2 nd group saw hitting and then punishment Group 1=more aggressive Evolutionary Theory o Darwin o Development is function of survival, of thriving adaptation in environment o Children can adapt behavior to survive environment o Ex: asian culture=shy and introverted o Us culture=independent and extroverted
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HD FS 229 taught by Professor Gutshall,donna during the Fall '07 term at Penn State.

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HDFS STUDY GUIDE 1 - HDFS STUDY GUIDE Theories: General...

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