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One of the biggest results of the Cold War was the “Space Race”. The U.S. was battling with the Soviets for power and they did this through military advancements through science. The Sovietslaunched Sputnik which beat the U.S. in the battle. This defeat is what later led to the founding of NASA. Polio was at an all-time high and was infecting the United States youth at a fast rate. Scientists were working around the clock to find cures for infectious diseases like Polio. Groups like the Grassroots citizen Activism Group helped raise money for research which helped bring on a foundation called the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. We know this foundation as the March of Dimes. In 1954, Dr. Jonas Salk successfully created a vaccine for Polio.