1Mid-Term ExamGovt 131– Introduction to Comparative Government and PoliticsPart I: Short AnswersProvide a short (one or two paragraph) answer to 5 questions below. (12 points per question)1. Most similar and most different systems research designs are both used to identify causal relationships in comparative politics. Briefly explain the different logics behind these two methods of comparison. Which method would you use to explain why Poland and Paraguay both experienced democratic transitions in 1989?2. Briefly identify three primary differences between presidential and parliamentary systems of government. Also identify one advantage and one disadvantage of each system.3. What is “post-materialism,” and how do individuals with post-material values differ from other citizens in their political behavior?4. According to Seymour Martin Lipset and Gary Marks, how does the “exceptionalism” of the U.S. party system shape our political economy in ways that are different from Western Europe’s?
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