STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu The Battle of the SommeGraphic Organizer Doc A Doc B Doc C Who wrote it? When? What type of source? Author’s Tone (include 1-2 examples) Did the author witness the events he describes? Who won the first day of the battle? How? Is this source trustworthy? Why? John D. Irvine wrote the document in July 3, 1916. It was a excerpt written for the newspaper. George Coppard wrote the document in July 2, 1916. it was an excerpt written for his book .Otto Lais wrote the document in 1935. It was an excerpt written from his memoir. The author's tone within the excerpt is sorrowful+ negative. For instance, in these lines: " They hung there in grotesque postures. Some looked as though they were praying..." Additionally, the simile used in these lines "Quite as many died on the enemy wire as on the ground, like fish caught in the net".In these lines: "British shell rushed towards our artillery which was firing courageously" has a positive tone to it. Additionally, in lines "The machine gunners were earning their pay today". also have a positive tone. Yes, we know this because in these lines "The next morning we gunners surveyed the dreadful scene in front of our trench"Yes, we know this because in lines "All around us was the rushing,whistling, and roaring of a storm".The Germans won the first day of the battle because it is said in the excerpt "The Germain faith in massed wire has paid off". The Germans won because "The youth of England bled to death in front of Serre". The machine gun killed hundreds Yes, because this was a British solider who fought in the war Yes, because he Otto Lais fought in the Battle of the Somme.Yes, in lines "I witnessed the phase of the bombardment, which preceded the advance".The British won the first day of the battle because it is said in the excerpt " German prisoners are surrendering freely, and a good many already fallen into our hands".Yes, because this person experience it and wrote about the war. The authors tone is a positive tone especially because they won the war. "The message received at ten o'clock ran something like this:"On a front of twenty miles north and south of the Somme we and our French allies have advanced and taken the German first line of trenches. "