H__proc_notices_notices_045_k_notice_doc_41863_922062338.doc

H__proc_notices_notices_045_k_notice_doc_41863_922062338.doc...

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UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME JOB DESCRIPTION I. Position Information Contract: Individual Consultant Department: Economic Diversification and Inclusive Growth Activity: Development of Botswana Poverty Eradication Policy and Strategy (BPEPS) Reports to : Programme Specialist Timeframe: 35 consultancy days (over period November - December 2017) II. Organizational Context Under the guidance and supervision of the Permanent Secretary responsible for poverty eradication in the Office of the President, the Expert/Consultant shall provide technical services to coordinate the finalization of the Interim Botswana Poverty Eradication Policy and Strategy (I-BPEPS) of 2015 and its implementation plan through consultations with all critical stakeholders including government, civil society, private sector and development partners. Background Since Independence, government policy has focused on improving the welfare status of citizens. Government has judiciously used revenues derived from mineral wealth to achieve this objective. Over time, increasing attention was paid to the issue of poverty, and the imperative for public policy to ensure that the benefits of economic growth were more evenly shared within the country. The National Strategy for Poverty Reduction (2003), policy thrust is poverty reduction through expansion of employment opportunities. It also emphasized the need for government to provide a set of well- targeted social safety nets for those unable to take advantage of such employment opportunities. The Strategy also recognized that amongst key challenges facing poverty reduction initiatives in Botswana was the need for greater coherence and effectiveness of interventions given both coordination and implementation shortcomings in government programmes. Foremost amongst its recommendations was the need for Botswana to develop a systematic monitoring and evaluation system which would enable the tracking of progress on poverty reduction with the necessary level of detail that would permit informed mid-course corrections. Consequently, poverty rates dropped significantly, with the proportion of people below the PDL declining from 47% in 1993/94 to 31% in 2002/03 and 19% in 2009/10. Extreme poverty also reduced substantially, from 23.4% in 2002/3 to 6.5% in 2009/10 (World Bank. 2015). Moreover, Botswana continues to maintain heavy investments in social protection, (4.4% of GDP), health (5.4% of GDP), and education 9.5% of GDP), resulting extended service reach and accessibility (United Nations. 2015). Despite the above, poverty levels are still high for an upper middle-income Botswana. Data shows that poverty levels are higher in rural areas, remote communities, households headed by females and by those with low levels of education, concentrated among children and youth. These together with high youth unemployment pose risks of inter-generational transmission of poverty. Moreover, there are still a large number of people just marginally above the poverty line and at risk of falling back into poverty (World Bank, 2015; United Nations, 2015). Inequality is also high with a Gini coefficient
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  • Fall '12
  • Dr.RobertMofitt
  • Poverty

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