This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 5 pages.

UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME JOB DESCRIPTION I. Position Information Contract: Individual Consultant Department: Economic Diversification and Inclusive Growth Activity: Development of Botswana Poverty Eradication Policy and Strategy (BPEPS) Reports to : Programme Specialist Timeframe: 35 consultancy days (over period November - December 2017) II. Organizational Context Under the guidance and supervision of the Permanent Secretary responsible for poverty eradication in the Office of the President, the Expert/Consultant shall provide technical services to coordinate the finalization of the Interim Botswana Poverty Eradication Policy and Strategy (I-BPEPS) of 2015 and its implementation plan through consultations with all critical stakeholders including government, civil society, private sector and development partners. Background Since Independence, government policy has focused on improving the welfare status of citizens. Government has judiciously used revenues derived from mineral wealth to achieve this objective. Over time, increasing attention was paid to the issue of poverty, and the imperative for public policy to ensure that the benefits of economic growth were more evenly shared within the country. The National Strategy for Poverty Reduction (2003), policy thrust is poverty reduction through expansion of employment opportunities. It also emphasized the need for government to provide a set of well- targeted social safety nets for those unable to take advantage of such employment opportunities. The Strategy also recognized that amongst key challenges facing poverty reduction initiatives in Botswana was the need for greater coherence and effectiveness of interventions given both coordination and implementation shortcomings in government programmes. Foremost amongst its recommendations was the need for Botswana to develop a systematic monitoring and evaluation system which would enable the tracking of progress on poverty reduction with the necessary level of detail that would permit informed mid-course corrections. Consequently, poverty rates dropped significantly, with the proportion of people below the PDL declining from 47% in 1993/94 to 31% in 2002/03 and 19% in 2009/10. Extreme poverty also reduced substantially, from 23.4% in 2002/3 to 6.5% in 2009/10 (World Bank. 2015). Moreover, Botswana continues to maintain heavy investments in social protection, (4.4% of GDP), health (5.4% of GDP), and education 9.5% of GDP), resulting extended service reach and accessibility (United Nations. 2015). Despite the above, poverty levels are still high for an upper middle-income Botswana. Data shows that poverty levels are higher in rural areas, remote communities, households headed by females and by those with low levels of education, concentrated among children and youth. These together with high youth unemployment pose risks of inter-generational transmission of poverty. Moreover, there are still a large number of people just marginally above the poverty line and at risk of falling back into poverty (World Bank, 2015; United Nations, 2015). Inequality is also high with a Gini coefficient
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 2
  • Fall '12
  • Dr.RobertMofitt
  • Poverty

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern