March 5 notes

March 5 notes - Egypt Arab Nationalism and the Conflict in...

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Egypt, Arab Nationalism, and the Conflict in the  Middle East , 1952-1979 March 5, 2007 Nasser Takes  Power, 1952 British Troops in  the Suez, 1956 Begin, 1979 What are the origins and meanings of “Nasserism”? How did the Middle East become a battleground in the Cold War? What was the outcome of the Middle East conflict from 1956 to 1979? MIDDLE EAST: -middle east is a source of a whole host of religious and policatical conflicts that  have international consequences -heart of the Islamic world -economically, a vital region of the world (2/3 of world’s oil reserves) -enormously important region to the US, most involved -not monolithic: composed of Persians, Arabs, Iranians, Turks, Israelis, (Muslims,  Jews, Christians, other religious sects) – the Arab world is not monolithic either I.  The Egyptian “Revolution” of 1952:  Origins and Outcomes Egypt and the  Ottoman Empire , 1805-1882
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-Great Islamic empire, by the end of the 18 th  century it began a decline, Western  powers were on the rise, the ME was penetrated by colonial powers -by late 19 th  centuries, Western powers controlled most of Arab North Africa, after  the Ottoman Empire is destroyed, Britain and France divide up the ME and claim  they are going to allow this region to gain political independence (mandates)  when in fact it was actually thinly veiled imperialism -20’s/30’s, independence is granted technically, but most states remain “puppets”  to the Brits and French -WWII weakened the grip of these powers, nationalist movements gain momentum  during and the years after, process of decolonization follows (states achieve something  like independence) -what emerges is a set of states with constitutions, 50’s these constitutional monarchies  become republics with elections and parliaments and presidents -actually dominated by one political party – developed into some type of authoritarian  gov’t, military plays a VERY important role in politics -with the exception of Israel, democracy doesn’t really stick – 1 country that had the 
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HIST 140 taught by Professor Reid during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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March 5 notes - Egypt Arab Nationalism and the Conflict in...

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