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March 19 notes

March 19 notes - Anti-Imperialism in Latin America US...

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Anti-Imperialism in Latin America: US Intervention, Fidel Castro, and the Cuban Revolution , 1953-2006 March 19, 2007 1) What is the nature of the relationship between Latin America and the United States since 1898? 2) What were the origins of the Cuban Revolution? 2) How has the Cuban Revolution managed to survive so long? 3) Will the Revolution survive Castro? What is its legacy? -George Bush was greeted by lots of protesters in Latin America… rooted in American foreign policy toward Latin America, fueled by a much larger view of American administration -Cuba has been the one country that has stood up to the US, hasn’t bowed to Americans (annoying to American administration) for better or for worse…mostly worse I. Independence and US Intervention in Latin America, 1815-1945 Latin American Independence, 1804-1825 -under control of Spain until 1804, creol elites (descendants from Spanish colonists) draw on same rhetoric of American/French revolutions, liberal democratic ideals, establish republics -problem is that the republics remain dominated by these elites, interests and rights of the mass population are largely ignored -rocked by political upheaval, retained certain independence from population, military intervened frequently -slow, fitful process of economic modernization , one class owned the means of production -grassroots political movements mobilized the populace/masses of Latin American countries (Mexico), does result in more democracy, franchisement but sometimes leads to
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more authoritarian politics (Argentina under Juan Peron- relied on popular support, exhibited fascism) -characterized by a constant struggle between democracy and authoritarianism, just when democracy is established, it’s overthrown by a military coup with authoritarian intentions -general conflict fueled by small elite and generally impoverished population -American involvement is a deficit, has over the past century has had a negative effect has stifled political/economical development The Monroe Doctrine (1823) -demanded an end to European involvement, that American would be the one to be involved The Spanish-American War (1898) -sees the US finally displace Spain as the chief Western influence in the Caribbean and Latin America -William Seward…doesn’t establish direct control over the LA countries but uses its influence to dominate, intervening the affairs of LA countries, why we see so upset over The (Theodore) Roosevelt Corollary (1904) -US had the right and duty to intervene with military force, if necessary, if LA countries couldn’t keep their political and economic houses in order -the US determines whether or not the countries were in fact keeping their houses in order, wide leeway when it should intervene or not -3 decades of un-interrupted intervention (Panama, Haiti in 2004, Mexico) -remains in effect today more or less as the US sees fit US Interventions in Latin America (1895-1930s) and the Rise of Anti-Americanism -Panama was a product of the US (broke off from Columbia so it could build the Panama Canal)
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