March 26 notes

March 26 notes - The End of History and...

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The End of History and "Unipolarity"? Making Sense of the post-Cold War Era March 26, 2007 Did liberalism triumph in 1989, or does history continue? What is the “Unipolar Moment”? Does it really exist? If so, can it last? Should it? What are the alternatives to “unipolarity”? I. The End of History or New World Disorder? Francis Fukuyama ’s Thesis : The Triumph of Liberalism -one ideology will continue to re-emerge as the most rational one for organizing societies: liberalism (authoritarian challenges from both right and left, religious extremism) but ultimately liberalism would continue to triumph -modernizing, brings order and prosperity
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-criticized for its capitalistic ideas and wouldn’t account for classes etc, that the modern system has (hasn’t met all the challenges) The End of the Cold War “Rules” and New World Disorders History Continues: -unlike the Cold War period, the Post Cold War period has been much harder to categorize: CW marked by conflicts, wars but in many ways it was predictable- a bi-polar system and logic, two major superpowers who understood the rules of the game. -the rules changed in the Post Cold War, a much less stable world, anarchy has increased (states to function independently), predictability has largely been lost (people knew where they stood, how things functioned) -after Gulf War, Bush 1 spoke of new world order (Post Cold War) would be marked by increasing prosperity, spread of democracy, more international law, collective security, forecasting a world that would be less marked by oppression, genocide but in many ways this way was much messier, more violent, a new world Disorder -since 1990 nation states, certain ethnic groups having much less constraints on their freedom of actions (couldn’t act fully independently during CW), overall is marked by less restrained behavior by both state actors and non-state actors, anarchy has markedly increased in the Post Cold War -general increase in civil wars, genocides, ethnic conflicts, more failed states (previously drawn sustenance during CW from power states), rise in international
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March 26 notes - The End of History and...

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