April 16 notes

April 16 notes - Islamic Fundamentalism Islamism and the...

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Islamic Fundamentalism, Islamism, and the Iranian Revolution of 1978-79 April 16, 2007 ∙     What is Islamic Fundamentalism?  What is Islamism? What are their origins, appeals, and  goals? -fundamentalism are as much Western inventions (intellectual inventions) as they are  phenomena in the Islamic world -they’re useful in sometimes in making sense of political and social and religious  phenomena, but they are CONTRUCTS invented by Westerners -rooted with meaning/often politically charged o -Islamic fundamentalism (Islamism, political idealogy) best understand as  responses to charges of modernity in the Islamic world (economic modernization,  mass politics, Western influence, secularism, globalization) o draw primarily on indigenous cultural resources rather than outside resources o a grassroots phenomenon o seen as responses to secular Arab nationalism ∙     What are origins and characteristics of the Iran’s Islamic Revolution of 1979? ∙     Where is Iran at 25 years after the Revolution?  Where is it headed? I. Islamic Fundamentalism and Islamism The “Crisis” of the Islamic World since the 18 th  Century:  Reality of Illusion? o Period of decline, in wealth, influence and military capability Responses to Modernity in the Islamic World o Two schools of thought:  1. some (Saib) point to negative effects of Western imperialism and  secular Arab nationalism…  2. others historians (Bernard Lewis) argued that Islamic culture is infected  by pathology (unable to compete with the West, not because it was 
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prevented but because the culture was fundamentally flawed, resisted change and adaptation, overwhelming religious influence preventing the Islamic world from modernizing) o Move away from Islamic culture (distance themselves from roots and modernize on a Western model) – ex. Turkey o Reformism: attempt to to draw on Western models but also indigineous traditions deeply rooted in Islamic culture · Islamic Fundamentalism o Does not ALWAYS lead to Islamism even though Islamism has roots in IF o First and foremost to a movement of an Islam that sresses a literal reading of Quran and other Islamic texts o Islamic society should be run according to Islamic principles, law o In general, IF’s reject secularism Very skeptical to western ideas/culture/politics/values- believe that they
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HIST 140 taught by Professor Reid during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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April 16 notes - Islamic Fundamentalism Islamism and the...

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