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Running head: COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY1Theory Analysis and Evaluation 2COUN 5239- Theories of PsychotherapyDr. Kathy Blaydes
Running head: COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY2Cognitive Behavior TherapyCognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) stems from traditional behavior therapy and has broadened and moved into more prominent cognitive behavioral approaches. CBT is an umbrellafor cognitive behavioral approaches which include Albert Ellis Rational Emotive Therapy (REBT), Aaron Beck and Judith Beck’s Cognitive Therapy (CT), Christine Pedesky’s Strengths-Based CBT (SB-SBT), and Donald Meichenbaum Cognitive Behavior Therapy (Corey, 2013). CBT Theory of OriginCBT was developed by Dr. Aaron Beck, psychiatrist at the University of Pennsylvania in the early 1960s (Bhardwaj, 2016). CBT is a goal-orientated psychotherapy treatment that is used to change patterns of thinking and behavior. CBT aims to help clients beware aware of inaccurateor negative thinking which reinforce distorted thinking. A person’s thinking is directly connected to their emotional reactions, behavior, and motivations. When a person thinks about things in erroneous distorted ways, he or she experiences exaggerated or distorted emotional behavioral reactions. A persons beliefs play a major role in determining what type of psychological distress or problems he or she will experience (Corey, 2017).