MMG 301 Study Guide L29

MMG 301 Study Guide L29 - MMG 301 Final Exam Study Guide...

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MMG 301 Final Exam Study Guide Lecture 29: Rumen: the first vessel in the multichambered stomach of ruminant animals in which cellulose digestion occurs. Volatile Fatty Acids: the major fatty acids (acetate, propionate, and butyrate) produced during the rumen fermentation; they have a low boiling point, so they are volatile. Pyogenic: pus-forming; causing abscesses. Cellulose: is an organic compound; it is a structural polysaccharide derived from beta- glucose; it is the primary structural component of green plants (the primary cell wall of green plants is made of cellulose); some animals, particularly ruminants and termites, can digest cellulose with the help of symbiotic microorganisms. Ruminant: is any animal that digests its food in 2 steps, first by eating the raw material and regurgitating a semi-digested form known as cud, then eating (chewing) the cud, a process called ruminating. Acetogen: refers to a bacterium that generates acetate as a product of anaerobic respiration; they are generally found in anaerobic environments. Omasum:
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MMG 301 Study Guide L29 - MMG 301 Final Exam Study Guide...

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