Anth 101 Review Sheet Exam 1.docx - Anth 101 Exam#1 Review Sheet Introduction to Anthropology \u25cf Anthropology \u25cb Holistic study of humankind \u25cb How

Anth 101 Review Sheet Exam 1.docx - Anth 101 Exam#1 Review...

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Anth 101: Exam #1 Review Sheet Introduction to Anthropology Anthropology Holistic study of humankind How and why humans vary both culturally and biologically Cross cultural perspective Relate a different culture to your own Heuristic What are the 4 traditional subfields of anthropology? Cultural Human culture and cultural behavior Ethnography Ethnology Linguistics The study and use of human language Anthropological Sociolinguistics Historical Descriptive Archaeology The study of the material remains of past culture Prehistoric Historic Physical The biological study of human beings Primatology Paleoanthropology Human variation How is applied anthropology related to the other subfields? Attempts to solve practical problems affecting the health, education, security, and prosperity of human beings in many cultural settings American Anthropological Society code of ethics Study of human’s past and present Guidelines and principles to support anthropologist in dealing with ethical situations getting permission from research subjects, sharing the information obtained, protecting confidentiality and managing intellectual property rights Culture Shock Culture shock Individual maladaptive behavior emerging under the stress of coping with a foreign way of life Ethnocentrism Evolution of other cultures according to preconception originating in the standards of the one’s own culture
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Viewing the traits, lifeways, ideas, and values observed in others as inferior and less natural or logical than your own Example: Adolf Hitler hatred toward the Jewish What is an example of culture shock? Someone who was born and raised in NYC coming to Geneseo Who experiences it? People who enter a new environment that is nowhere similar to the one they are accustomed to Relate this to Chagnon A big cultural shock when meeting the Yamamomo, they do things “differently” then what most people are accustomed to Eating their dead Multiple wives Selective perception Tendency of people to see and recognize only those things they expect to see or those that confirm their world views Fallacy of naive realism People everywhere see the world in the same way Believe our culture mirrors a reality shared by everyone Shakespeare Example Not everyone understand the main concepts/themes centered around Hamlet even though we tend to think it is universal Studying Culture/Culture Concept Culture Socially acquired traditions of thought and behavior Set of shared values, ideals, and beliefs, used to interpret experience and generate behavior Surface vs. deep culture Surface Culture: What you could observe and see Food, flags, festivals, holiday, music Deep Culture: What we don’t see or what explains it Communication Styles and Rules [eye contact, personal space, body language etc.], Approaches to religion, courtship, marriage, raising
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