Number-One MentalityEthnocentrism, also referred to in Language Shock: Understanding the Culture of Conversationby Agar (1994) as number-one mentality, is when someone considers their own perspective or culture to be the correct way of living. Rather than viewing themselves as equal toothers, people with a number-one mentality believe that all other cultures are inferior (Agar, 1994). Often times, modern-day Americans are labeled as being extremely ethnocentric and closed minded when it comes to other cultures. In order to get a real, authentic view of a culture, ethnographers must learn to separate themselves from a situation and attempt to remove any cultural biases from their mind. Although this is easier said than done, when encountering a new culture, it is important to be aware of possible biases. However, throughout history people have not done a very good job of removing these cultural biases. As demonstrated by the treatment of Natives in the Americas during colonization and Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945, humans havea vast history of taking on a number-one mentality.