Terms Defined

Terms Defined - Tactics Who: everyone, especially military...

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Cryptanalysis Who: What: Code Breakers When: During WWII Where: Everywhere, but oftentimes at sea Why: Oftentimes the Axis powers would communicate in code for secrecy Sig: In order for the American and Allied powers to anticipate and thwart the Axis they needed to know what their plan/ strategy was so they employed code breakers. Also, they employed their own code talkers, the most famous of which were the Navajo Windtalkers. Tactics Who: everyone, especially military people What: different strategies When: times of war or negotiation Where: in conflict Why: helps to achieve an objective Sig: Used to get an edge on their enemy, armchairdespot Dutch East Indies Who: What: Islands off China where the Japanese Landed and ravaged during WWII When: Occupied by Japan (1942-1945) Where: Off the Chinese Coast, east of the Philippines Why: The Japanese occupied the island in their campaign to reach Australia. Sig: They were engaged in no less than 12 official battles while occupying the territory. The Japanese set up POW camps and torture camps all over the islands. Their base was set in Rabaul, New Guinea for part of the war. Who: 115 Countries signed after 1949 What: Geneva Convention When: 1949 Where: Geneva, Switzerland Why: To define the humanitarian rules and regulations of war. Sig: Set forth rules relative to the protection of Civilian Persons in War and POWs. Who: Japanese Warrior What: Bushido (Way of the Warrior) When: Developed between 11 th and 14 th Cent. Where: Japan Why: Honor Sig: Moral code of the Japanese military, central belief to die a good death and with one’s honor intact. This means that the Japanese were more likely to fight to the death than to allow themselves to be captured as POWs Strategy Who: Everyone, especially military people What: Plan for attack When: times of war Where: in war, in life Why: to have a plan Sig: Strategy provided military personal with an outline of their goals and how they are going to go about achieving them
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Operation Barbarossa Who: What: Codename for Germany’s invasion of The Soviet Union When: June 1941 to December 1941 Where: The Soviet up to the Kremlin Why: Hitler believed that the Germans/ true Race needed living space. Sig: Alienated the Soviets and pushed them toward allied powers. Up to 15 million soviets and 3.4 million Germans lost their lives in the campaign. Eventually the German’s were forced to retreat P-40 Warhawk, F4F Wildcat v Mitsubishi Zero Who: What: All three were fighter war planes When: In WWII Where: Over the pacific for the most part Why: Air power was one of the defining Features of the war and often were the Defining factors in battle Sig: It is argued that the Zero was a better war plane than American models in the beginning of the war, but they were incredibly thin skinned and upon the invention of the 2 nd generation war planes in the US (warhawk and wildcat) the US was getting the upper “High Pockets” Who: Claire Phillips What: American Spy When: During World War II Where: The Philippines near the Cabanatuan POWs camp Why: Her husband was caught and killed by the Japanese in Cabanatuan. She
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HIST 373 taught by Professor Lotchkin during the Spring '07 term at UNC.

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Terms Defined - Tactics Who: everyone, especially military...

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