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Research of AutismBy BANU & LANDiploma of Children Service, Wollongong TAFE, Illawarra Institute
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are lifelong developmental disabilities characterised by marked difficulties in social interaction, impaired communication, restricted and repetitive interests and behaviours and sensory sensitivities.
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?The word ‘spectrum’ is used because the range and severity of the difficulties people with an ASD experience can vary widely. ASDs include autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder, pervasive developmental disorderand atypical autism. Sometimes the word “autism” is used to refer to all ASDs.
Numbers of children known to Centrelink with a diagnosis of Autism or Asperger disorder by age groups for the years 2003-2005152520615215401523512Total 742903741024742485Females 782303780516781027MalesABS* Population 335528902456Total 580500419 Females277523902037 MalesASD*256200129Total 413029 Females215170100 MalesAsperger309926902327 Total539470390 Females256022201937 MalesAutism2005200420030-5 years oldAustralian Bureau of Statistics, 2005. Population estimate for each year in June. 1 July 2003-June 2004 data“Studies show 1 in 160 Australians have an ASD and that it is more prevalent in males than females.’’
Autism has increasing…Autism has increase 172% in the 1990s. Why? This disorder that impairs language and impedes social skills is becoming a rising phenomena that is affecting thousands of children, mainly males, in the world.
Physicality?Children with autism usually don’t look physically different from other children and there is no blood test to tell if a child is autistic, and is only diagnosed only by observing the child’s behaviour.
Autism Signs and Symptoms:Signs of autism may appear during infancy and the disorder is usually diagnosed by the age of 3, though Sometimes the child's development appears normal until about 2 years old and then regresses rapidly. Symptoms of autism occur in various combinations, from mild to severe.
Infants with AutismDisplays abnormal reactions to sensory stimuliTouches may be experienced as painfulSmells may be overwhelmingly unpleasant Everyday noises may be painfulBright lights and loud noises such as a vacuum cleaner may cause crying.
Other Symptoms of Autism in infants may include:Appears indifferent to surroundings Appears content to be alone, happier to play alone Displays lack of interest in toysDisplays lack of response to othersMarked reduction or increase in activity level Resists affection