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Research of Autism By BANU & LAN Diploma of Children Service, Wollongong TAFE, Illawarra Institute
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder? Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are lifelong developmental disabilities characterised by marked difficulties in social interaction, impaired communication, restricted and repetitive interests and behaviours and sensory sensitivities.
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder? The word ‘spectrum’ is used because the range and severity of the difficulties people with an ASD experience can vary widely. ASDs include autistic disorder , Asperger’s disorder , pervasive developmental disorder and atypical autism . Sometimes the word “autism” is used to refer to all ASDs.
Numbers of children known to Centrelink with a diagnosis of Autism or Asperger disorder by age groups for the years 2003-2005 1525206 1521540 1523512 Total 742903 741024 742485 Females 782303 780516 781027 Males ABS* Population 3355 2890 2456 Total 580 500 419 Females 2775 2390 2037 Males ASD* 256 200 129 Total 41 30 29 Females 215 170 100 Males Asperger 3099 2690 2327 Total 539 470 390 Females 2560 2220 1937 Males Autism 2005 2004 2003 0-5 years old Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2005. Population estimate for each year in June. 1 July 2003-June 2004 data “Studies show 1 in 160 Australians have an ASD and that it is more prevalent in males than females.’’
Autism has increasing… Autism has increase 172% in the 1990s. Why? This disorder that impairs language and impedes social skills is becoming a rising phenomena that is affecting thousands of children, mainly males, in the world.
Physicality? Children with autism usually don’t look physically different from other children and there is no blood test to tell if a child is autistic, and is only diagnosed only by observing the child’s behaviour.
Autism Signs and Symptoms: Signs of autism may appear during infancy and the disorder is usually diagnosed by the age of 3, though Sometimes the child's development appears normal until about 2 years old and then regresses rapidly. Symptoms of autism occur in various combinations, from mild to severe.
Infants with Autism Displays abnormal reactions to sensory stimuli Touches may be experienced as painful Smells may be overwhelmingly unpleasant Everyday noises may be painful Bright lights and loud noises such as a vacuum cleaner may cause crying.
Other Symptoms of Autism in infants may include: Appears indifferent to surroundings Appears content to be alone, happier to play alone Displays lack of interest in toys Displays lack of response to others Marked reduction or increase in activity level Resists affection

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