ULTIMATE-KAS-NOTES.docx - Pambansang Kamalayan Passion of Christ Retelling of the life of Christ a Reenactment or dramatic readings used for social

ULTIMATE-KAS-NOTES.docx - Pambansang Kamalayan Passion of...

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Pambansang Kamalayan Passion of Christ - Retelling of the life of Christ a. Reenactment or dramatic readings - used for social control and to evoke loyalty to Spain and the church - used by Filipinos to gain inspiration for revolts Themes 1. Darkness to Light 2. Family Values 3. Value of Inner self over Value of Wealth and Education 4. Dynamics of Mother and Child - Inspiration of Inang Bayan 5. Antagonizing corrupt political and religious elites 6. Resistance to an oppressive state and its collaborators 7. A subversive figure and the significant role of the common people - Jesus and friends 8. A cause that transcends security and material fulfillment - Willingness and necessity to suffer and die to achieve that cause Commonalities between the Catholic Church and the Katipunan - Kasaysayan ng Pasiong Mahal ng Jesucristong Panginoon Natin (1814) and the Kasaysayan , Pinagcasunduan , and Ang mga D aquilang Cautosan Prominent Figures 1. Apolinario de la Cruz - Hermano Pule - Established the Cofradia de San Jose o Filipino-only o Had their own prayers - Was beheaded and his head was paraded 2. GomBurZa a. Mariano Gomez b. Jose Burgos c. Jacinto Zamora - Sparked the revolution The Illustrados and the Propaganda Movement Filipinos
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- They were natives in studying in Europe and identified as ‘Filipino’ - Gathering to preserve traditions, cultures, and nation - Presenting their art, literature, and studies as Filipino - Protest racial division of Philippine society and other injustices The Propaganda Movement - Anti-friar activities in the Philippines and Spain - Headed by Marcelo H. del Pilar o Amain Namin and Aba Guinoong Baria - Promotes democratic ideals o Equality between Filipinos and Spaniards o Idea of Assimilation or the Conversion of the Philippines into a province of Spain - Main literature was La Solidaridad - Caused a dichotomy of ideals: Assimilation vs Separation - Made the La Liga Filipina La Liga Filipina Main Goal: Build a Filipino nation and educate the Filipino People. - Unification of the archipelago in to a compact , vigorous , and homogenous body - Mutual protection in every want and need - Defense against all violence and injustice - Promotion of instruction, agriculture and business - Study and implementation of reforms The Katipunan 1. Principled a. Constitution b. Regulation 2. Well-organized a. Hierarchical b. Branched 3. Democratic a. Elections b. Had set term length 4. Well-documented a. Held meetings b. Had a library 5. Individual recruitment a. Voluntary joining Drew inspiration from Free Mason Ideals Worldview: Modern, Forward-looking, Rationalist, and Secular The Katipunan was divided into two factions: 1. Magdalo headed by Aguinaldo 2. Magdiwang headed by Alvares o Sparked the Tejeros Convention o Aguinaldo won due to regionalism in the Cavite area o Ricarte (Secretary of War) and Bonifacio (Secretary of Interior) were the only non-Caviteños who were elected (tokenistic) o Bonifacio walked out because Daniel Tirona insulted his lack of formal education The Tejeros Convention moved to Biak-na-Bato
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