SPANISH CIVIL WAR -Long term causes of spanish civil war: -Weakness of government: it started as a constitutional monarchy since 1871, where the king was head of state and the kind directed the prime minister who in turn commanded a majority in parliament. -Power was held by wealthy oligarchs (political control shifted between they're different cliques ) -There were two main parties; conservatives and liberals where there was no difference ?: elections were corrupted. -The system was problematic because elections never changed any events in the system, ultimately causing a situation of attrition min spanish society. SPANISH ARMY -The army held a strong position in power due to the imperial past of the army. ( believed to be the protector of the nation ) where it had the right and duty to take care of issues -Ultimately giving the army permission to intervene with political affairs -When the army intervened during the second republic in 1936, it lead to the revolution. -Army was unpopular with the people (reputation of brutality ). Expensive and heavy taxes to maintain. Proved ineffective in the 19th century in loss of the spanish empire and the war with america in 1898, also struggling to maintain morocco in 1906 and 1926.-Need in reform-Toobig ( too many officers) upper and middle classes dominated the officers defending their interests.