Lecture 3 Notes - ASAMST 20A Introduction to the History of Asians in the United States Lecture 3 Colonization Pac Markets Asian Labor Migration \u25cf Why

Lecture 3 Notes - ASAMST 20A Introduction to the History of...

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ASAMST 20A: Introduction to the History of Asians in the United States Lecture 3 08/30/18 Colonization, Pac Markets & Asian Labor Migration Why did they leave? Choice Coercion Transnational-Diaspora Orientalism Oriental encompassing middle-east and east Idea system to substantiate Europe’s identity Asians mysterious, other and irrational Otherworldly Justify colonialism East is voiceless Edward Said’s theory of orientalism European Orientalism Separate humanities Europe upper hand over Asia Cultural, political, economic, military Believed themselves to be more civilized American Orientalism Asia source of envy US was undeveloped Asian objects, i.e. porcelain Asian wisdom was respected Trade with Asia is necessary Negative stereotypes Coolie: inferior; offensive term for indentured laborer Manifest Destiny Orientalism reinforces colonial relations Used to justify US intervention in Philippines Power of popular media Orientalism in cartoons Orient: uncivilized, outdated, wasteful Military intervention justified
Related to orientalism White Man’s Burden White men have the responsibility of civilizing the world Manifest Destiny Destiny to expand territory Racial inferiority Benevolent assimilation Concept used in Philippines; assimilating Filipinos into American culture Colonialism/Colonization/Empire Colonialism: ideology Colonization: process of subjugation Link between European colonization and Asian migration Undeveloped lands Ending of slavery → need for labor Sources of labor: China, India, Japan, Philippines, Korea Entrepreneurial project expansion Photographs from Cuba Had to import Chinese laborers into Cuba A lot of Chinese descendents living in Cuba Sugar cane fields, tea, etc Tea – trade imbalance England had high demand for tea, China major producer of tea Opium, which was charged highly, was introduced in China in order to fix this imbalance Opium War breaks out High demand for Chinese porcelain as well Core and peripheral nation relationship Core countries: Western Europe and US Commerce, manufacturing Periphery: Asia (Cheap labor markets), Africa (Slave labor, mineral resources), Latin America (Land & mineral resources) Setting the stage for migration Isolation China has isolation policy Controlled travel overseas and trade Gunboat diplomacy Employed to force China (and Japan) out of isolation

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