The Realm of Hades and Changing Views of the Afterlife
What is the traditional view of the realm of Hades? How does the conception of Hades change as society changes? In Homeric times, society was small-scale and behavior was governed mostly by tradition. Later, as societies became larger and more complex, behavior was increasingly governed by laws and morality. There were more powerful avenues for destructive behaviors in large societies. The most destructive were those that threatened the stability of the state and the fabric of society (political corruption, tyranny, oppression, organized crime, blood feuds, murder). Traditional systems of justice were not equipped to deal with these changes and had to give way to new codes of morality and the rule of law. Moreover, concepts of reward and punishment began to include a judgment of the soul after death. This idea seems to have originated in Egypt.
The Judgment of Hu-Nefer from the Book of the Dead, Thebes, Egypt, 19 th Dynasty.
The earliest Greek