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140986 - T9: Leadership 9.1 9.2 Importance of Leadership...

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T9:Leadership9.1Importance of Leadership9.2Leadership Theories9.2.1Competency/Traits/The Great Man Approach9.2.2Behavior Approach9.2.2.1 Ohio State University Studies9.2.2.2 Managerial Grid (Leadership Grid)9.2.3Contingencies Approach9.2.3.1 Path Goal9.2.3.2 Life Cycle/Situational Theory9.2.3.3 Leadership Substitutes9.2.4Contemporary Approach9.2.4.1 Transformational Theory9.2.4.2 Leader-Member Exchange Theory (LMX)1
9.1Importance of LeadershipLeadership is theexercise of influence by one memberof a group or organization over other members to helpthe group or organization achieve its goals.Importance of leadership to an organization:-Make contributions to organization-Enhance and elicit cooperation-Encourage teamwork-Motivate employees to generate good work2
9.2Leadership Theories9.2.1Competency/Traits/The Great Man ApproachJun 2010SBH Sdn Bhd is searching for a new vice-president of marketing andwants to find someone with excellent leadership qualities.Along withevaluating each job candidate’s past experience, SBH intends toassess each candidate’s leadership competencies.In your opinion,what are the 5 competencies that SBH should be examining in eachcandidate? (20m)Oct 2010a)Differentiate trait theory & behavioral theory of leadership. (10m)b)Over the past two decades, leadership researchers andconsultants have noticed that effective leaders possess specificpersonal characteristics. Discuss 4 leadership traits/ competenciesidentified in contemporary research that lead to superiorperformance. (10m)3
Focus:Focus on personal traits of leader on factors that create leadership effectiveness. Implies thatunderstanding leadership needs the identification of personal traits that differentiate leadersfrom followers.Assumption:i.‘Leaders are born not made.’ii.Leaders differ from non-leaders on several traits/competenciesi.e.8 main traits/competencies are:personalityself conceptdrive integrityleadership motivation/desire to leadbusiness knowledgecognitive & practical intelligenceemotion intelligenceiii.Great leaders have the same personal characteristics/competencies and all of them areequally important in all situationsiv.personal characteristics of an individual as the main determinants of how successful thatindividual could perform as a leader.Limitations:-leaders are not necessarily born, they can also be ‘made’-possessing certain traits does not guarantee effective leadership, v.v-this approach ignores that different situations may require different leadership traits forleaders to be effective-traits indicate only leadership potential, not leadership performanceNote:Lately this approach gaining popularity again where organizations are turning tocompetency-based methods to hire people with strong leadership potential4
9.2.2Behavior ApproachOct 2010Differentiate trait theory and behavioral theory of leadership.

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Term
Summer
Professor
AFIZA
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