HIST Unit One.docx - Unit One A People Reunited 1865-1867...

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Unit One A People Reunited? 1865-1867 Introduction Video Reconstruction is the effort of the nation to come to terms with the titanic changes that came in American life post Civil War (preservation of American Union and destruction of slavery) What was going to be the status of the 4 million American Slaves? What was their part in American Society? Would they enjoy the rights of white Americans? The question of rights in society are also prominent today. Most people do not know much about Reconstruction. We are still living today in the shadows of the era. (DACA or the 12 million undocumented immigrants) Why is the child of an immigrant considered a citizen of the United States? (Birthright Citizenship) Written into 14th Amendment US History (Book Notes- pages 451 to 475) Introduction The period of years after the Civil War were hectic and turbulent. A president was murdered and another one was impeached. The Constitution went through some revisions with the addition of three amendments. The greatest problem was that the Union’s desire to create a just and free country for all ignited the racist actions of terroristic and vigilante groups, i.e. Ku Klux Klan, that unleashed a wave of violence aimed towards freed blacks and their white supporters. Overall, the Reconstruction Era remains a failure. Section 1: Restoring the Union The start of this era really happened the second the rebel Southern states were integrated back into the Union. President Abraham Lincoln’s ultimate goal was to reunify the United States. One of the biggest flaws in his plan was that it forgave traitors instead of guaranteeing civil rights to former slaves. Lincoln passed the Thirteenth Amendment (which abolished slavery), but never ratified (made officially valid). The President’s Plan December 1963- the president started to unveil a three-part proposal known as the Ten Percent Plan that highlighted how states would return to the Union. (1) All Southerners were pardoned except for upper- ranking officials (Confederate government and military leaders). (2) 10% of the voting population in the rebel states had to take a binding oath of allegiance to the U.S. and emancipation of slaves. (3) They must also draft new state constitutions as well. This still meant that 90% of the population did not have to swear allegiance to the Union or emancipation. It was a very lenient plan in that
case. The more angry individuals that wanted the South to be severely punished as well as remade were the Radical Republicans . These people also wanted harsher terms for punishment and protection for former slaves (things that the president never wanted to instill). February 1864- two Radical Republicans, Benjamin Wade and Henry Winter Davis proposed the Ironclad Oath to Lincoln. One would make oath to swearing that one never supported the Confederacy or made war against the United States. Those who did not take oath were unable to take part in future political life of the South. Lincoln killed the bill.

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