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Hist-FinalStudyGuide - History 128 Study Guide 1...

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History 128 Study Guide 1. Stonewall- Who: Stonewall attendees and police officers What: The Stonewall inn is a gay nightclub that was raided by police who began arresting people simply for frequenting the place. Gay onlookers taunted the police, and then attacked them. Someone started a blaze in the Stonewall Inn itself, almost trapping to policemen inside. Rioting continued throughout Greenwich Village (the center of NY’s gay community). When: June 27, 1969 Where: Stonewall Inn in New York City’s Greenwich Village Why: The raid was not unusual; police had been harassing gay bars (and homosexual women and men) for years. It was the accumulated resentment of this long history of assaults and humiliations that caused the extraordinary response. The “Stonewall Riot” marked the beginning of the gay liberation movement—one of the most controversial challenges to traditional values and assumptions of its time. The Gay Liberation Front was founded in NY in 1969. 2. Truman Doctrine- Who: President Truman, American diplomat George F. Kennan helped for, US What: A new doctrine in part as a response to events in Europe in 1946. In Turkey, Stalin was trying to win control over the vital sea lanes in the Mediterranean. In Greece, communist forces were threatening the pro- Western government; British had announced they could no longer provide assistance. Truman decided to enunciate a firm new policy and drew from the ideas of Kennan who had previously warned after the war that the only appropriate diplomatic way to deal with the Soviet Union was “a long- term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies.” Truman said “I believe that is must be the policy of the US to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressure.” When: March 12, 1947 (speech made my Truman) Where: The US, Greece & Turkey Why: Truman requested $400 million to help the armed forces of Greece and Turkey. This American commitment helped ease Soviet pressure in Turkey and helped the Greek government defeat the communist insurgents. It established a basis for American foreign policy that would survive for more than 40 years. 3. Peace Corps- Who: President Kennedy, members of the Peace Corps What: The Peace Corps sent young American volunteers abroad to work in developing areas. When: 1961
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Where: The US, sent to other countries. Why: The Peace Corps were considered one of Kennedy’s most popular innovations. It is still active today. 4. Joseph McCarthy- Who: Joseph McCarthy- an undistinguished first-term Republican senator from Wisconsin What: During a speech in VA he waved a peace of paper claiming he had a list of 205 known communists currently working the American State Department. He made a very bold charge against the US government.
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