Ateneo Law Entrance Exam Reviewer.pdf - THE ATENEO LAW ENTRANCE EXAM A Guide to Preparation Compiled by Regina Iustitiae Sorority I want

Ateneo Law Entrance Exam Reviewer.pdf - THE ATENEO LAW...

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Unformatted text preview: THE ATENEO LAW ENTRANCE EXAM A Guide to Preparation Compiled by: Regina Iustitiae Sorority I want to take the exam! What are the application requirements? ü Applicant should be a graduate of Bachelor’s degree and should have earned 18 units of English, 6 units of Mathematics, 18 units of Social Science and 3 units of Rizal course. ü The applicant must accomplish the application form online: ü He/she should pass the school’s entrance examination. For admission to the examination, the following must be submitted. o Photocopy of collegiate transcript or records showing compliance with eligibility requirements stated above. If graduation is not yet reflected, a certification of candidacy for graduation prior to entrance in the law course must be appended to transcript. o Three (3) copies of I.D. picture, size 2” x 2” with red background o Payment of testing fee (PhP1,500.00) ü He/she must submit two (2) recommendations: one academic recommendation from the dean or faculty member of his/her school, and one recommendation from a reputable source. ü For submission of requirements, please see the DATE printed on your confirmation page. (The confirmation page to be printed after the completion of application online). ü Submit all requirements at the Dean's Office, 3rd Floor Ateneo Professional School Building, #20 Rockwell Drive, Rockwell Center, Makati City, Philippines. Office hours are from Monday to Friday, 1:00 -­‐ 7:00 p.m. 2 Ok, now that I know the requirements, any tips on preparing for / answering the test? ü Answer as many sample exams as you can. This will not only give you an idea of what to expect in the real exam but also develop your speed and accuracy in answering. ü RELAX, DON’T PANIC. Most applicants fail the exam because they panic too much and lose their focus. Just breathe and you’ll be able to answer more efficiently. ü There will be NO law questions. The Ateneo Law School does not expect you to have a background on law subjects. Instead, the exam will test your logic, deductive and reasoning skills. ü Get enough rest the night before the exam and make sure you have a full stomach so that you can concentrate well. ü You might be surprised but most of the questions are answerable by common sense. As you long as you remember and know how to apply what you learned in English and Math, you’ll be fine. ü For the Logic part of the exam, try drawing figures, symbols or letters on a separate sheet of paper so that it will be easier for you to visualize the problem, instead of be overwhelmed with the facts. (Example: If the problem involves 3 groups, you can try drawing 3 circles). ü Questions are in multiple choice format, so if push comes to shove and you really don’t know the answer, use deductive reasoning. ü Be conscious of the time. If you really can’t answer a problem, mark it and move on to the next. 3 ATENEO LAW ENTRANCE EXAM REVIEWER PART I: IQ Test MATH PROBLEMS 1. What is 1/2 of 2/3 of 3/5? a. 1/4 b. 1/5 c. 2/15 d. 6/30 2. If a case of beer contains 20 to 24 bottles of beer, what is the least number of beer bottles there are in five cases of beer? a. 90 b. 100 c. 110 d. 120 3. The P 8.4 billion budget of the University is reduced by 15%. By how much is the University budget reduced? a. 1.26 billion b. 2.10 billion c. 7.14 billion d. 9.66 billion 4. A dozen of chicos cost P16.00. How many chicos can P44.00 buy? a. 30 b. 32 c. 33 d. 36 5. If p/q = 5/7, find the value of q/3p a. 1 b. 1/2 c. 7/5 d. 7/15 6. A new number is seven less than twice the number. If x represents a number, which of these expressions represents the new number? a. 7-­‐2x b. 2x-­‐7 4 c. d. 7x-­‐2 2-­‐7x 7. Juan is 10 years older than Maria. Ten years ago, Juan’s age is thrice that of Maria’s. How old will Maria be ten years from now? a. 10 b. 15 c. 20 d. 25 8. 72 is 80% of what number? a. 75 b. 80 c. 90 d. 95 9. A student needs to read 4 chapters of a book that run from page 184 to page 321. How many pages does she need to read? a. 137 b. 138 c. 147 d. 148 2 10. What is the final answer to the following operations: 9+ (5-­‐3+7) x4 /3 -­‐8 ? a. 109 b. 112 c. 424 d. 436 11. Jerry has 150 female cousins and 50 male cousins. What is the percent of his cousins are males? a. 10 b. 15 c. 20 d. 25 12. Monica walks 320 meters in 40 minutes. What is the distance can she cover in 7 hours if she walks at the same rate? a. 3,360 b. 3,260 c. 3,370 d. 33,600 5 13. A bag contains 5 green pens for every 25 red pens. If the bag contains 250 red pens, how many green pens are there? a. 25 b. 40 c. 50 d. 55 14. 2 cars leave the same place and traveled in opposite directions. If car A is traveling at 60 kph and car B at 70 kph, in how many minutes will they be 260 km apart? a. 2 b. 4 c. 60 d. 120 For numbers 15-­‐17: The scores of ten athletes who joined a competition were 80, 82, 83, 85, 89, 89, 89, 90, 93 and 95. 15. What is the median? a. 85 b. 87.5 c. 89 d. 90 16. What is the mode? a. 85 b. 87.5 c. 89 d. 90 17. What is the mean? a. 85 b. 87.5 c. 89 d. 90 18. Which of the following is divisible by 9? a. 1, 839,231 b. 2,354, 331 c. 3,456,930 d. 4,937,492 19. If Micka earns A pesos in a year and spends B pesos, what percentage of her annual salary did she save? 6 a. b. c. d. 20. 21. 22. 23. (a+b)/a (a-­‐b)/b (a-­‐b)/a b/a What is 40% of 580? a. 200 b. 232 c. 252 d. 270 There are 110 students in a class. If only 11 are boys, what percent of the class are girls? a. 10% b. 11% c. 90% d. 99% Four carpenters can finish a cabinet in 12 days. How long will it take for 12 carpenters to finish the same task? a. 3 days b. 4 days c. 4.5 days d. 5 days The average grade of 8 students is 89. If one of the grades is removed, the average grade of the remaining students is 88. What is the grade that was removed? a. 88 b. 89 c. 90 d. 92 For numbers 24-­‐25: A textile company manufactures T-­‐shirts and sells them at P125 each. The daily overhead cost is P66,000 and each shirt costs P65 to make one. 24. If the company makes Y shirts daily, which of these expressions represents the profit function per day? a. 60Y-­‐ 66,000 b. 125Y-­‐ 66,000 c. 190Y-­‐ 66,000 d. 190Y+ 66,000 25. If the company makes 1,500 shirts, how much will the company profit/lose? a. profit by P24,000 b. lose by P24,000 7 c. profit by P121,000 d. lose by P121,000 VOCABULARY Directions: Choose the word that is most nearly synonymous in the meaning to the word given at the start of each number. 1. Presage a. Hermit b. Recidivist c. Secret d. Forewarning 2. Sporadic a. Lush b. Isolated c. Steadfast d. Vitriolic 3. Vagrant a. Empty b. Stiff c. Destitute d. Aromatic 4. Ambivalent a. Definite b. Analogous c. Conflicting d. Ostensible 5. Benediction a. Praise b. Mission c. Ratiocination d. Peregrination Directions: Choose the word that is most nearly opposite in the meaning to the word given at the start of each number. 6. Sanguine a. Rosy b. Shapeless c. Collected 8 d. Pessimistic 7. Sobriety a. Chastity b. Moderation c. Fortitude d. Flippancy 8. Munificent a. Encouraging b. Reassuring c. Generous d. Stingy 9. Neologism a. Novelty b. Obsolete c. Iridescence d. Jargon 10. Profusion a. Wordiness b. Moroseness c. Relentlessness d. Deficiency Directions: Each sentence below consists of an underlined word, followed by words/phrases. Choose the word/phrase that is synonymous with the underlined word. 11. Elaine’s favorite literary book is a pastiche of essays and short stories written by her favorite authors. a. Hodgepodge b. Summary c. Excerpt d. Annotation 12. Being the baby in the family, Leo finds it difficult to let go of his puerile behavior. a. Sluggish b. Childish c. Eccentric d. Rebellious 13. There was a tinge of satisfaction on her smile as she walked out the door, as if she got what she wanted all along. a. Indifference 9 b. c. d. Controversy Contentment Significance 14. When the word got out that he embezzled people to build his fortune, demonstrators hounded him by pelting him with rotten eggs and tomatoes wherever he went. a. Desecrated b. Congratulated c. Ostracized d. Teased 15. The veteran soldiers are getting older. They need to bring in more dilettantes for an infusion of youth even if it will bring their skill level down a notch. a. Rookies b. Sycophants c. Kleptomaniacs d. Zealots Directions: Each sentence below has a blank, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Beneath the sentence are words/set of words. Choose the word/set of words that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole. 16. People afflicted with leprosy during the medieval times were considered ______ because they were shunned by almost everyone. a. Patricians b. Moriahs c. Mariahs d. Pariahs 17. Dan and Robert wanted to come up with a clear and well-­‐laid out presentation because they wanted to avoid presenting a hazy and _____ proposal when they apply for a loan. a. Nebulous b. Arduous c. Unpretentious d. Magnanimous 18. One of our many ______ , which a lot of westerners find weird, is our preference for tasty but foul-­‐ smelling condiments that we use for our cuisine. a. Monosyncrasies b. Ideologies c. Idiosyncrasies d. Hurdles 10 19. It was easy for General Mc Auliffe to outwit his German counterpart because of that general’s tendency to implement _______ strategies, which made him very predictable. a. Eccentric b. Schismatic c. Orthodoc d. Heteromorphic 20. She greatly enjoyed her review session once she got back home. She _______ about it for days on end. a. Marginalized b. Eulogized c. Sanitized d. Rhapsodized Directions: Each question below consists of a related pair of words/phrases, followed by choices of words/phrases. Choose the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair. 21. PRATFALL: PROMOTION a. ARROGANCE: SERVILITY b. EXHAUSTION: LETHARGY c. NARCOTIC: TRANQUILIZER d. DEGENERATION: RELAPSE 22. LION: FIERCE a. DOG: DOGHOUSE b. SQUIRREL: AGILE c. BEAVER: DAM d. CAT: LITTERBOX 23. MULE: SHOE a. MAYA: BIRD b. HORSE: PONY c. SHARK: HAMMERHEAD d. ANT: INSECT 24. DENTIST: CLINIC a. SPORTS FAN: STADIUM b. COW: FARM c. PROFESSOR: COLLEGE d. CRIMINAL: JAIL 25. FAWN: DEER a. PIANO: ORCHESTRA b. PUPPY: DOG c. CAT: PERSIAN 11 d. EAGLE: PREDATOR LOGICAL REASONING Directions: Analyze the given statements below then choose the best answer using your common sense and reasonableness. 1. In a nationwide survey, 80% of dermatologists use Radiance facial soap. Which one of the following would most weaken the above endorsement for Radiance? a. Only ten dermatologists were surveyed b. The dermatologists endorsed the product for free c. Only five dermatologists do not use the product d. Radiance facial soap smells better than other brands 2. In Mary and Susan’s science class, everyone likes chemistry or biology or both, but Susan does not like biology. Which one of the ff. statements CANNOT be true? a. Susan likes chemistry and biology. b. Mary only likes chemistry. c. Susan hates chemistry and biology. d. None of the students likes biology. 3. Floyd: The big race is tomorrow and I’m still behind Alberto. I suppose I’ll just have to take this synthetic testosterone. I am well aware of the risks and implications if I get caught, but I absolutely have to win. Lance: I don’t think that would bode well for you. Have you ever thought of what that will do to your career? Just ride as much as you are able. You may/may not win, but one thing you will never lose respect. Lance attacks Floyd’s argument by: a. Attacking his character b. Applying personal pressure c. Suggesting a positive approach d. Implying that good triumphs over evil 4. Given that this car is a dud, it must be a lemon. The foregoing conclusion can be properly drawn if it is true that: a. Lemons are generally serviceable b. Only lemons are duds c. Other lemons are not totally duds d. Few other lemons are duds For questions 5-­‐6: “even the smallest café in Paris serves better coffee than the largest coffee chain in Seattle” the visiting coffee connoisseur said. He was complaining about the quality of the coffee being served in Seattle.” I was trained in 12 France,” he added, ”so I know coffee very well. But in America, you only have baristas. You can tell just by looking at the people who drink coffee. In Seattle, people line-­‐up, buy their coffee and go. But in France, people take the time to relax and savor the flavor of coffee.” 5. The connoisseur’s conclusions depend on all the ff. except: a. If the coffee is good, people will stay and savor the flavor b. All good coffee connoisseurs are trained in France c. The norm of good coffee is France d. The quality of coffee can be determined by the quality of the café 6. All of the ff. are errors in the reasoning of the speaker in the passage above except: a. The speaker claims that he knows how to make great coffee b. The argument takes as fact what is unproven personal opinion c. The argument assumes that the largest coffee chain in Seattle represents American coffee d. The speaker claims complete knowledge of a large number of cafes in Paris 7. The presence of the gas East is a necessary condition, but not a sufficient condition, for the existence of life on the planet East. On the basis of the foregoing, which of the following would also be true? a. If no life exists on East, East cannot be present b. If life exists on East, then the gas East may or may not be present c. If life exists on East, then only the gas East is present d. If life exists on East, then the gas East is present. 8. The absence of the liquid S is a sufficient condition for the cessation of life on planet B, but it is not a necessary condition. On this basis, which of the ff would also be true? a. If life on B ceased to exist, there would have to have been an absence of liquid S. b. If all liquid S were removed from B, life there might or might not cease c. If all liquid S were removed from B, the cessation of life would depend on other conditions d. If all liquid S were removed from B, life there would surely perish 9. The Boston Celtics practice twice a day and simulates game time situations to minimize their errors come game time. The previous statement is an example of which one of the ff assumptions? a. Practice makes perfect b. To err is human c. Practice allows one to prepare for real conditions d. People make mistakes; that’s why they put erasers on pencils 10. For the post-­‐election party, no actor/ actress was invited to Malacanang unless she/he was more than 30 years old. No one older than 30 was both an actor/actress and invited to the palace. Which one of the ff conclusions can be logically drawn from the statements above? a. No one but actors and actresses were invited b. Only persons older than 30 were invited c. No one over 30 was invited d. No actor or actress was invited 13 11. No one who is a member of the basketball team takes any banned substance. No first-­‐rate athlete takes banned substances. Therefore, only first-­‐rate athletes become members of the basketball team. The reasoning here is in error since the conclusion does not allow for the possibility of: a. A non-­‐substance abuser in the team who is a second-­‐rate athlete b. A first-­‐rate athlete who doesn’t play basketball c. An ex-­‐substance abuser who is a first-­‐rate athlete d. A non-­‐substance abuser who is not a first-­‐rate athlete 12. Joe: crop circles are turning up all over the place with designs too intricate to be done by human hands. Strange lights have been seen in the sky on night before the crop circles were discovered and no human suspects have ever been found. They must be created by aliens. Mel: maybe its some weird cult or some misfits playing a prank. I don’t know all the facts of the story and I have no certain explanation myself but it is unlikely that extraterrestrial beings would go to the extent of making useless crop circles. Mel responds to Joe’s explanation by: a. Questioning the accuracy of the evidence on which his arguments depend b. Providing evidence that contradicts his conclusion c. Refusing to deal with the logic of his argument d. Offering counter explanations 13. If people would use soap and water instead of toilet paper, less paper would be manufactured. So we should replace toilet paper with soap and water and the forests of the world will not be consumed so rapidly. This argument depends on which one of the ff assumptions? a. Using soap and water will consume resources less valuable than forests b. The cost of soap and water may be less than toilet paper c. The pace at which the forests is being consumed should be reduced d. The economic advantages of using soap and water outweigh those of using toilet paper. 14. Left-­‐handed people have above average IQ. Poy is left-­‐handed. Therefore, Poy has above average IQ. The pattern of reasoning in the argument above is flawed most similarly to which of the ff arguments? a. Wolves leave scent trails for the rest of their pack to follow. Scent trails are common among social animals. Therefore, all social animals are wolves b. Rice is not a good plant to grow in containers. Grain is not a good plant to grow in containers. Therefore, rice is grain c. Narra is solid and sturdy. Rubber wood is less sturdy but also less expensive. Therefore, rubber wood is the choice of furniture makers d. School staff and custodians often belong to unions. Jack wants to become a custodian. Therefore, Jack will probably join the union. 15. According to a count of the men and women listed in the Makati phone directory, there are 20,000 more men than women in this city of 150,000. But according to the last census report, the population of Makati is 55% female. All the following can be used to explain this discrepancy except: a. not all phone users list their names in the directory. b. The phonebook count may be misled by initials or names that are not gender specific c. There are many more females under 14 than males 14 d. The census report has been faulted for undercounting the minority population of large cities. 16. Since all bears that I have seen have been brown, it follows that the bear I will see when I visit Yellowstone Park will also be brown. Which of the ff most closely parallels the reasoning of the preceding argument? a. Every ballet I have attended has failed to interest me; so a theatrical production fails to interest me must be a ballet b. Since no medicine I have tried for my allergy has ever helped, this new product will probably not work either c. Some human beings do not have natural rights; therefore, Kyle does not have natural rights d. Since fish is more expensive than beef, it should follow that all meals should include beef instead of fish. For numbers 17-­‐19: A restaurant offers 3 daily specials each day of the week. The daily specials are selected from the list of dishes, A,B,C,D,E and F. The daily specials for the menu are selected in accordance with the ff restrictions: On any day that D is on the menu, B must also be on the menu If C is on the menu one day, it cannot be included on the menu the following day F can be on the menu only a day following a day on which E is on the menu Only one of the three specials from a given day can be offered the following day. 17. If A, B and C are on the menu one day and A, E, and C are on the menu 2 days later, which daily specials must have appeared on the menu the intervening day? a. A C E b. A D E c. B D E d. B D F 18. Which of the following could be the list of daily specials offered 2 days in a row? a. D B C; B E A b. B D C; B D E c. A B D; D C E d. B D A; E F B 19. If on a certain day neither B nor E is on the menu, how many different combinations of daily specials are possible for that day? a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4 20. There are roughly 4.2 million OFWs contributing to the country’s economy. They take odd jobs that they are well qualified enough for it. These OFWs bring in revenue when they come back home to their loved 15 ones. Consequently, they should be hailed as h...
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