March 19 - The War Grinds to a Halt 1864-65 I Confederate...

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March 19, 2008 The War Grinds to a Halt: 1864-65 I. Confederate situation at start of 1864 - severe deterioration, and almost desperate but hardly critical - election in the North - CSA strategy should have been to conserve their man power and for Union armies to the offensive. Gain the advantage of time II. The Union’s two major offensives a. The East i. Grant’s (really Lincoln’s) Virginia campaign 1. Grant wanted to deprive the south of resources slowly rather than commit huge bloody battles. 2. Lincoln wanted to decimate the confederate army in order to achieve complete victory 3. Lincoln ordered Grant to attack and destroy Lee’s army 4. The first three days of Grant’s campaign is known as the wilderness 5. For two months Grant probed at Lee’s right flank until finally at Cold Harbor where the army of the Potomac lost a thousand men a minute in the first ten minutes. 6. In 6 weeks Grant’s army lost 60,000 soldiers ii. Its high costs iii. The Petersburg siege 1. Grant crossed the James and attacked Lee’s army from the south.
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