March 25

March 25 - March 25, 2008 Magna Graecia latin term: great...

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March 25, 2008 Magna Graecia - latin term: great Greece, limited use by Romans and historians. Sicily and tip of Greece - Territorially greater and wealthier, well organized, status gold, marble, etc - Syracuse o Founded in 734 BC, taken over by tyrants but develops a democracy, 413 BC defeat Athenian invasion, 238 BC following fluctuation of democracy/tyrants there is a revitalization. o Located on island of Ortygia o Temple of Apollo (early 6 th c. BCE) earliest stone temple in Sicily Inscription about the citizen who paid for the columns Doric order, very few ionic buildings in the west Preserved as a church and then a mosque, identified by windows o Temple of Athena (early 5 th c. BCE) Built into a church. o City expanded out to the mainland, the neapolis (new city) Built theatre 5 th c. but expanded to be built in stone in 3 rd c. Athens influences o Ear of Dionysus Quarry Massive Maybe made sound effects for the theatre
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March 25 - March 25, 2008 Magna Graecia latin term: great...

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