week 2 reading.pdf - PSYC 300W \u2013 Week 2 Readings Models of Cognitive Development Piaget and Perry By Wankat and Oreovicz Theories of development in

week 2 reading.pdf - PSYC 300W u2013 Week 2 Readings...

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PSYC 300W Week 2 Readings Models of Cognitive Development: Piaget and PerryBy: Wankat and Oreovicz Theories of development in the education of scientists and engineers -Piaget: Theory of Childhood development -Perry: theory of development of college students Jean PiagetSwiss psychologist -Research on the development of children -Intellectual development is continuous, but the intellectual operations in the different periods are distinctly different -Children go through 4 stages in the same order, but at different rates oSensorimotorchild learns about his relationship to various objects Birth to 2 years old Developing meaning for symbols Motor skills developed; i.e. holding a bottle Figuring out that objects still exist even when they are out of sight Recognize reflection in the mirror oPreoperational2 to 7 years old Preoperationalchildren use language to make sense of the world Concrete and self-centered thinking Draws conclusions based on concrete experiences with objects Intuitiveconclusions drawn are based on vague impressions and perceptual judgments Concept of numbers, and classify objects on basis of criteria Unable to think in a cause-and-effect manner not yet rational oConcrete Operationalcan do mental operations but only with real (concrete) objects, events or situations Concept of conservation; i.e. water from small fat glass poured into a tall thin glass would still hold the same amount of water Can understand logical reasons Earliest ends at 11 or 12, though most adults remain in this stage throughout their lives Many freshmen are concrete operational thinkers; though the number in engineering is much smaller (less than 10%) oFormal operationalinvolves abstract thinking Capable of metacognition thinking about thinking Capable of learning higher mathematics and applying this to solve new problems; can do combinatorial thinking and generating many possibilities Application of Piaget’s Model to Engineering Education-Engineering education requires formal operational thought -Transitional Phasecan use formal operational thought some of the time but not all of the time -Engineering students in transition may apply formal operational thought in their studies, but have not generalized the processes to everyday life -Concrete operational students may be identified by repeated administration of tests with novel problems on the same material
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Process of Accommodationif the new data make sense to the existing mental structure, then the new information is incorporated into the structure -Allows for minor changing (figurative stretching, twisting, and bending) in the structure to incorporate new data -If new data is very different from the existing structure, then the new info is either rejected, or assimilated/transformed so that it will fit into the structure How does one develop mentally?
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  • Summer '15
  • Gordon rose
  • Psychology, Theory of cognitive development, William G. Perry

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