Key Terms Assignment.docx

Key Terms Assignment.docx - Shoaib Akhtar Sociology 101 Key...

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Shoaib Akhtar 2/14/2019 Sociology 101 Key Terms Assignment Chapter 1: Micro Level - Sociologists working from the micro-level study small groups and individual interactions - Sociologists that work in a small group of 3-5 people When working with a small group of people to do peer study or something of that sort. Macro Level - The Functionalist perspective is a big-picture, macro-level view that looks at how different aspects of society are intertwined. - The larger picture of the aspect of society - a Functionalist might look at what macro-level needs the movement serves. For example, a Structural Functionalist might ask how the party forces people to pay attention to the economy. Sociological Imagination - an awareness of the relationship between a person’s behavior and experience and the wider culture that shaped the person’s choices and perceptions. - a persons behavior can change depending on the place and time they are in. - - we can use sociological imagination to recognize that individual behaviors are affected by the historical period in which they take place Social Facts - the laws, morals, values, religious beliefs, customs, fashions, rituals, and all of the cultural rules that govern social life, that may contribute to these changes in the family. - A person who can’t do what they want because their morals, values, and religious beliefs don’t allow them to. - Other sociologists are studying the consequences of these new patterns, such as the ways children are affected by them or changing needs for education, housing, and healthcare . Social Solidarity - hypothesized that differences in suicide rates might be explained by religion-based differences - Sucide rates differ by different religions. - Durkheim gathered a large amount of data about Europeans who had ended their lives, and he did indeed find differences based on religion. Protestants were more likely to commit suicide than Catholics in Durkheim’s society, and his work supports the utility of theory in sociological research. Chapter 2 Empirical Evidence - evidence that comes from direct experience, scientifically gathered data, or experimentation.
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- Proof of something that is taken from real experience and scientific data and experiments. - that crime rates go up when there’s a full moon, but research doesn’t support this opinion. Researchers Rotton and Kelly (1985) conducted a meta-analysis of research on the full moon’s effects on behavior. Operational Definition - The operational definition identifies an observable condition of the concept. By operationalizing a variable of the concept, all researchers can collect data in a systematic or replicable manner. - Observable concept that is backed up by data. - The operational definition must be valid, appropriate, and meaningful. And it must be reliable, meaning that results will be close to uniform when tested on more than one person.
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