5.3 US The Cold War at Home.ppt - The Cold War At Home...

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The Cold War At HomeEssential Question:Think back to what we learned from section one and two about communism gaining ground in Europe and the Pacific, do you think people had good reason to fear communist world domination? Or worse yet, an attack on US soil? Do you think we have reason to fear today? What were the Causes and Effects of McCarthyism?
Consider the Current Situation (post WWII)
McCarthy SpeechRead through Joseph McCarthy’s Wheeling Speech and complete an APPARTS Analysis - to be discussed in class.During the Cold War, a new type of theory began spreading across America known as McCarthyism. Based on the Speech, how would you define McCarthyism?
To make matters worse . . .At the height of WWII, close to 100,000 Americans claimed membership in the Communists Party – red alert!People feared and wondered where their loyalty lied . . . With their country, or their political party? Do you remember what conspiracy theorists began saying about Truman’s ease at helping to aid South Korea in the beginning?He was too soft . . . Meaning maybe he has motive???
Result of that Fear:Loyalty Review BoardRepublicans were strongly anti-communism and accused Truman of being too softMarch 1947 Truman issues an order to set up the Federal Employment Loyalty ProgramIncluded a loyalty review boardPurpose – to investigate gov’t employees and dismiss those found to be disloyalUS Attorney General made a list of 91 “subversive” organizations – membership in any of these was grounds for suspicion
It's okay – We're hunting Communists," October 31, 1947
Suspicion and The BoardsFrom 1947-1951, the boards investigated $3.2 million employees and dismissed 212 as security risksAnother 2,900 resigned becauseDid not want to be investigatedThought the process was too intrusiveIndividuals under investigation were not allowed to see the evidence against them
Teachers were also questioned and fired for teaching communism in schools.

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