lecture 18.1

lecture 18.1 - 18-18-11Organic Organic...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 18-18-11Organic Organic ChemistryChemistryWilliam H. BrownWilliam H. BrownChristopher S. FooteChristopher S. FooteBrent L. IversonBrent L. Iverson18-18-22FunctionalFunctionalDerivatives ofDerivatives ofCarboxylic AcidsCarboxylic Acids18-18-33Carboxyl DerivativesCarboxyl DerivativesIn this chapter, we study five classes of organic compoundsunder the structural formula of each is a drawing to help you see its relationship to the carboxyl groupH-NH2H-ClH-OR'RC-OHOH-OCR'ORC=NHO HRC-OHORC-OHORC-OHO-H2O-H2O-H2O-H2O-H2ORC NRCNH2ORCClORCOR'ORCOCR'O OThe enol ofan amideAn acidchlorideAn esterAn acidanhydrideAn amideA nitrile18-18-44Structure: Acid ChloridesStructure: Acid ChloridesThe functional group of an acid halide is an acyl group bonded to a halogenthe most common are the acid chloridesto name, change the suffix -ic acid-ic acid to -yl halide-yl halideCH3CClOORC-ClOClOClOBenzoyl chlorideEthanoyl chloride(Acetyl chloride)An acyl groupHexanedioyl chloride(Adipoyl chloride)18-18-55Sulfonyl ChloridesSulfonyl Chloridesreplacement of -OH in a sulfonic acid by -Cl gives a sulfonyl chlorideSOHH3COOCH3SOHOOSClH3COOCH3SClOOMethanesulfonicacid p-Toluenesulfonic acidMethanesulfonyl chloride(Mesyl chloride, MsCl) p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride (Tosyl chloride, TsCl)18-18-66Acid AnhydridesAcid AnhydridesThe functional group of an acid anhydride is two acyl groups bonded to an oxygen atomthe anhydride may be symmetrical (two identical acyl groups) or mixed (two different acyl groups)to name, replace acidacid...
View Full Document

Page1 / 20

lecture 18.1 - 18-18-11Organic Organic...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online