Jihadism: from the Mujahideen to ISIS
A Jihadism Anti-PrimerDaryl Li “A Jihadism Anti-Primer “ MER 276“a great many of the groups operating under the banner of jihad have been largely oriented toward capturing state power and recruit primarily from a single national group. . . Some of these groups have sought to overthrow existing regimes, such as the Gama‘a Islamiyya in Egypt or the Groupe Islamique Armé in Algeria. Others, such as Hamas and Hizballah, arose in response to foreign occupations. Yet others emerged in situations where prolonged civil war led to a near-collapse of state institutions, such as the Taliban in Afghanistan. Afghan Taliban 9/11 Statement: Victory Over U.S. 'Occupiers' ImminentThe jihad, or holy war, was supported by "all" Afghans, which gave the group "strength to continue on the right oath of freedom and is a continuation of the path chosen by our forefathers who defeated British and Soviet occupiers," the statement added, referring to past Afghan military victories.n-taliban-9-11-statement-victory-over-u-s-occupiers-n425631
A Jihadism Anti-PrimerDaryl Li “A Jihadism Anti-Primer “ MER 276“Claims to jihad have also been raised by groups whose goals, areas of operation or memberships do not fit into the nationalist mold. These groups are often glossed as “global jihad,” a free-floating, rootless and more radical counterpart of the nationally oriented jihads.”“There Is No Global Jihadist Movement”“What’s sometimes referred to as the global jihadist “movement” is actually extremely fractured. It’s united by a general set of shared ideological beliefs, but divided organizationally and sometimes doctrinally. Whether to fight the “near enemy” (local regimes) or the “far enemy” (such as the United States and the West), for example, has been contentious since the 1990s, when Osama bin Laden declared war on the United States.
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- Fall '09
- ISIS, Al-Qaeda