lecture 25.1

lecture 25.1 - 25-25-1Organic Organic...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 25-25-1Organic Organic ChemistryChemistryWilliam H. BrownWilliam H. BrownChristopher S. FooteChristopher S. FooteBrent L. IversonBrent L. Iverson25-25-2CarbohydratesCarbohydratesChapter 25Chapter 2525-25-3CarbohydratesCarbohydratesCarbohydrate:Carbohydrate:a polyhydroxyaldehyde, a polyhydroxyketone, or a compound that gives either of these compounds after hydrolysisMonosaccharide:Monosaccharide:a carbohydrate that cannot be hydrolyzed to a simpler carbohydratethey have the general formula C HO , where n varies from 3 to 8aldose:aldose:a monosaccharide containing an aldehyde 25-25-4MonosaccharidesMonosaccharidesMonosaccharides are classified by their number of carbon atomsHexoseHeptoseOctoseTrioseTetrosePentoseFormulaNameC3H6O3C4H8O4C5H10O5C6H12O6C7H14O7C8H16O825-25-5MonosaccharidesMonosaccharidesThere are only two triosesOften the designations aldo- and keto- are omitted and these compounds are referred to simply as trioses, tetroses, and so forthalthough these designations do not tell the nature of the carbonyl group, they at least tell the number of carbonsD ihydroxyacetone(a ketotriose)Glyceraldehyde(an aldotriose)CHOCHOHCH2OHCH2OHC=OCH2OH25-25-6MonosaccharidesMonosaccharidesGlyceraldehyde contains a stereocenter and exists as a pair of enantiomersCHOCHOHCH2OHCHOCCH2OHHHO(S)-Glyceraldehyde(R)-Glyceraldehyde25-25-7Fischer ProjectionsFischer Projections...
View Full Document

Page1 / 17

lecture 25.1 - 25-25-1Organic Organic...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online